Kumar Jain Vs. Kishan & Ors  INSC 243 (27 April 1995)
K. Ramaswamy, K. Hansaria B.L. (J)
1995 AIR 1891 1995 SCC (4) 147 1995 SCALE (3)682
27TH DAY OF APRIL,1995 Present :
Mr.Justice K.Ramaswamy Hon'ble Mr.Justice B.L.Hansaria Mr. V.J.Francis, Adv.
for the Petitioner O R D E R The following Order of the Court was delivered:
SUPREME COURT OF INDIA CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION SPECIAL LEAVE PETITION
(CIVIL) NO.9886 OF 1987 Notification under s.4(1) of the Land Acquisition Act
was published on November 17, 1980 acquiring the lands in question. The
Collector made an award for a sum of Rs.38,500/-. Since the petitioner laid
claim for a higher amount, a reference under s.18 was made. The civil court
disbelieved the agreement of sale put forth by the petitioner; therefore,
reference was ordered in favour of the respondents. In appeal, the High Court
said that the said agreement was in violation of s.4 of the Delhi Land (Restriction & Transfer) Act, 1972 and that, therefore,
the agreement is void. Accordingly, the findings of the Reference Court was accepted. Thus, this appeal by
counsel appearing for the petitioner contended that the under the agreement of
sale dated 5th December, 1981 the respondents had received consideration and
kept the petitioner in possession of the land and that, therefore, by operation
of s,53-A of the Transfer of Property Act, the petitioner is entitled to the
compensation. We are unable to agree with the learned counsel. In a reference,
the dispute is to the title to receive the compensation. It is settled law that
the agreement of sale does not confer title and, therefore, the agreement
holder, even assuming that the agreement is valid, does not acquire any title
to the property. It is seen that the agreement is subsequent to the
notification under s.4(1). The Government is not bound by such an agreement.
The inter-se dispute is only with respect to the title as on the date of
notification under s.4(1).
respondent is the undoubted owner of the property as per s.4 notification and
that, therefore, the compensation was directed to be paid to the respondent
since he is one of the members. We cannot find any illegality in the order
passed by the Courts. However, if the petitioner has got any claim under s.30
of the Land Acquisition Act, it is open to him to take such action as open to
him under law.
Special Leave Petition is accordingly dismissed.