Engg. Service Assn Vs. Union of India  INSC 330 (13 May 1994)
Dayal (J) Yogeshwar Dayal (J) Kuldip Singh (J)
1994 SCC Supl. (2) 222 JT 1994 (7) 58 1994 SCALE (2)993
Judgment of the Court was delivered by YOGESHWAR DAYAL, J.- This Order will
dispose of above-said 58 matters. However, we are taking the facts from Special
Leave Petition No. 16698 of 1992. This Petition is directed against the
judgment dated 29-6-1992 passed by the Central Administrative
Tribunal, Principal Bench, New Delhi in
Review Application No. 195 of 1992 in OA No. 2667 of 1991.
decision was + From the Judment and Order dated 29-6-1992 of the Central
Administrative Tribunal, New Delhi in Review Application No. 195 of 1992 in
O.A. No. 2667 of 1991 223 rendered by the Principal Bench over a conflict of
decision on two basic issues which arose for consideration, namely - (1)
whether the applicants and persons similar to them are entitled to promotion
from the grade of Jr. Engineers to the next higher grade in the Telegraph
Engineering Service Group B (Assistant Engineers and equivalent post) on the
basis of the year of passing the qualifying Departmental Examination envisaged
in para 206 of the P&T Manual and not on the basis of their respective
seniority as had been adopted and followed by the respondents; and (2) whether
in the facts and circumstances, they are entitled to refixation of inter se
seniority on the said basis and promotions with retrospective effect together
with back wages. After considering the judgment of the High Court of Allahabad
(Parmanand Lal and Brij Mohan v. Union of Indial) and decisions of various
Benches of the Tribunal which followed the above-said judgment of the Allahabad
High Court, the Tribunal noticed that the Allahabad High Court and the various
Benches of the Tribunal have concluded that the applicants are entitled to
promotion, refixation of inter se seniority and consequential benefits as
claimed by them and have decided the above-said two issues in their favour. The
Tribunal further noticed that SLP Nos. 3384-86 of 1986 filed by the Union of
India against the judgment of the Allahabad High Court were dismissed by this
Court on merit on 8-4- 1986. Again SLP Nos. 19716-22 of 1991 filed by them
against the judgment of the Principal Bench of the Tribunal dated 7- 6-1991
were dismissed with some observations on 6-1-1992 along with Intervention
Application No. 1 and SLP (C) ... of 1991 filed by the Junior Telecom Officers'
Association (India) seeking permission to file SLP.
Review Petition filed by the Union of India against the judgment of the
Principal Bench of the Tribunal dated 7- 6-1991 was dismissed by the Tribunal on 1-10-1991.
another Bench of the Tribunal presided over by its Chairman gave certain
directions to the respondents on 28-2-1992 in a batch of Contempt Petitions
filed by the petitioners alleging non-compliance of the judgment of the
Principal Bench of the Tribunal dated 7-6-1991.
the aforesaid order dated 28-2-1992, the Bench noted the intention of the
respondents to revise the seniority of the entire cadre of Telegraph
Engineering Service Group B Officers as per para 206 of the P&T Manual
Volume IV. The respondents before the Tribunal had submitted that
the cadre exceeds 10,000 persons, the implementation would take time and that
the rules and instructions relating to reservation in favour of SC/ST persons
(MP Nos. 957, 958, 965 and 966 of 1992 in MP No. 195 of 1992);
Telecom Engineering Services Association (India) which also supports the stand
of the applicants (MP No. 129 of 1992 in OA No. 2407 of 1988); and
Junior Telecom Officers' Forum for Redressal of Grievances said to represent
6000 affected persons and Junior Telecom Officers' Association (India) both of
which contend that the judgment of the Allahabad High Court and the decisions
of this Tribunal following the said decision do not constitute good precedents,
that they are judgments per incuriam, that the matter should be considered on
the merits afresh and that the applicants before us should not be granted the reliefs
sought by them (MP. Nos. 3493, 3494, 3396 and 3397 of 1991).
Petition Nos. 2739 and 2652 of 1991, decided on 20-2-1985 224
Tribunal thereafter considered the submissions of the petitioners before it and
the interventionists and took the view that since the Special Leave Petitions
against the judgment of the Allahabad High Court dated 20-2-1985 were dismissed
on merits, it achieved finality.
the second question whether petitioners were entitled to the payment of arrears
of pay and allowances from the respective dates of their promotion, the
Tribunal took the view that the High Court and various Benches of the Tribunal
do not appear to have considered the magnitude of the problem arising out of
the large-scale revision of seniority and promotions consequent thereto
took the view that the normal rule of giving back wages to the persons
concerned will not apply to such cases or in such situations. While relying
upon Paluru Ramkrishnaiah v.
of India2 it noted the observations of this Court that it is a well settled
rule that there has to be no pay for no work although after due consideration a
person is given a proper place in the gradation list having deemed to be
promoted to the higher post with effect from the date his junior was promoted.
At the most he would be entitled to refixation of his present pay on the basis
of notional seniority granted to him so that his present salary would not be
less than those who are immediately below him. The Tribunal further noticed
that as large-scale revision of seniority and consequent promotions with
retrospective effect might be anticipated in the instant case, the aforesaid
ruling of the Supreme Court would apply and the relief should be mounded
accordingly. In the light of these observations, the Tribunal gave the
following orders and directions:
Subject to what is stated in
we hold that the decision of the Allahabad Bench dated 20-2-1985 in the cases of Parmanand Lal and Brij Mohanl and
the judgments of the Tribunal following the said decision lay down good law and
constitute good precedents to be allowed in similar cases. We reject the
contentions of the interveners to the contrary and further hold that having
urged before the Supreme Court their various contentions and their SLP having
been dismissed by the Supreme Court, they cannot reagitate the matter before
us. We, therefore, dismiss MP Nos. 3396, 3397, 3493 and 3494 of 1991 in OA No.
2407 of 1988 as being devoid of any merit.
hold that the applicants are entitled to the benefit of the .judgment of the
Allahabad High Court dated 20-2-1985 except that in the event of refixation of
seniority and notional promotion with retrospective effect, they would be
entitled only to refixation of their present pay which should not be less than
that of those who were immediately below and that they would not be entitled to
back wages. We order and direct accordingly.
hold that in case the redrawing of the seniority list results in reversion of
officers who had been duly promoted already, their interests should be
safeguarded at least to the extent of protecting the pay actually being drawn
by them, in case creation of the requisite number of supernumerary posts to
accommodate them in their present posts is not found to be feasible. We order
and direct accordingly.
While effecting promotions, the respondents shall give due regard to the
provisions to; reservation in favour of Scheduled Castes/Scheduled
Tribes." 2 (1989) 2 SCC 541 : 1989 SCC (L&S) 375/ 5 : (1989) 10 ATC
378 : (1989) 1 Scale 830 225 This view was again upheld by the impugned
judgment passed by the Tribunal on review application.
far as the first point is concerned, it appears that the interventionists filed
parallel proceedings through Junior Telecom Officers' Forum v. Union of India3
and this Court (J.S. Verma and Anand, JJ.) in an elaborate judgment took the
same view as that of the Allahabad High Court noticed by the Principal Bench of
the Tribunal in the aforesaid case of Parmanand Lal and Brij Mohan1 which has
become final and has been upheld by this Court on merits.
thus not necessary to dwell on the first question decided by the Principal
Bench any further.
only question which survives relates to declining the order for payment of back
wages from the due date of promotion to the petitioners before the Tribunal and
some of the appellants/petitioners before us.
would be noticed that the judgment of the Allahabad High Court was delivered in
writ petitions which were filed by two individuals as far back as 1981 and the
judgment was delivered in 1985 which was affirmed by this Court on 8-4- 1986.
Most of the petitioners before the Tribunal filed their applications claiming
promotion from earlier date on the basis of the Allahabad High Court judgment
only in 1988.
will get refixation of their seniority and notional promotion with
retrospective effect and would be entitled to fixation of their present pay
which should not be less than to those who are immediately below them and the
question is only whether they would be entitled to back wages from the date of
notional promotion. We are of the view that the Tribunal was justified, in view
of the peculiar circumstances of the case and enormity of the problem dealing
with 10,000 persons, in declining to grant back wages except with effect from
the date they actually worked on the higher post. The same view was taken by
this Court in the aforesaid judgment of Paluru Ramkrishnaiah2 where this Court
declined similar reliefs.
Learned counsel for the petitioners relied upon the decision of this Court in
Union of India v. K. V. Jankiraman4.
will be noticed that Jankiraman4 matter related to a case where the point
involved was as to what benefits an employee, who is completely or partly
exonerated in disciplinary/criminal proceedings, is entitled to and from which
date in case involving sealed cover procedure. The Bench in Jankiraman case4
was not dealing with the case of due date of promotion on revision of seniority
as a result of any decision of the Court effecting thousands of employees and
revised seniority list being prepared in pursuance thereof and notional
promotion being granted with retrospective effect. The Special Leave Petition
No. 16698 of 1992 is accordingly dismissed.
All the connected Civil Appeals and Special Leave Petitions are disposed of in
the light of the aforesaid judgment. There is, however, no order as to costs.
Supp (4) SCC 693 : 1994 SCC (L&S) 366 : (1994) 26 ATC 367 : cited at pp.
90-116 of the paper book of C.A. Nos.