Das Vs. State of Assam  INSC 465 (29 October 1993)
K. JAYACHANDRA (J) REDDY, K. JAYACHANDRA (J) RAY, G.N. (J) CITATION: 1994 AIR
968 1994 SCC (1) 387 JT 1993 Supl. 156 1993 SCALE (4)308
Judgment of the Court was delivered by K. JAYACHANDRA REDDY, J.- Leave granted.
two appellants along with seven others were tried for an offence punishable
under Sections 395 read with 397 IPC. The gravamen of the charge against them
was that on the intervening night of July 29/30, 1979, the nine accused persons
armed with lethal weapons attacked the persons who were travelling in a truck
and robbed them of ornaments, cash and wrist watches. A case was registered and
the police searched the houses of the two appellants and two others and
recovered the alleged stolen articles. The trial court, however, acquitted five
of the accused of all the charges but convicted the two appellants and two
others under Section 412 IPC and sentenced each of them to undergo RI for seven
years and to pay a fine of Rs 1,000 in default of payment of which to further
undergo RI for three months.
four convicted accused preferred an appeal to the High Court. The High Court
acquitted the other two accused but confirmed the conviction of the two appellants
and reduced the sentence to 1 1/2 years' RI and the sentence of fine was also
reduced to Rs 500 in default of payment of which to further undergo RI for 10
days. Hence the present appeal by the two convicted accused.
only question that falls for consideration is whether an offence punishable
under Section 412 is squarely made out? The dacoity which took place on the
intervening night of July 29/30, 1979 is not in doubt. The stolen articles were
recovered from the possession of the appellants during the investigation.
Besides the evidence of the official witnesses there is evidence of PW 8, who
stated that he purchased these articles from the appellants.
appellants could not give any explanation as to how they came into + From the
Judgment and Order dated May 14, 1993 of the Gauhati High Court in Crl. A. No.
37 of 1985 388 possession of the stolen property. But the question is whether
it can be said that the appellants knew that those articles were stolen in dacoity?
The prosecution has to prove such knowledge since that is an essential
ingredient of Section 412 as compared to the ingredient of Section 411.
instant case there is no material to come to the conclusion that the appellants
knew or had reason to believe that the articles were stolen in the course of
the only presumption that can be drawn against them was that they knew that the
articles were stolen in which case the offence made out would be one punishable
under Section 411 IPC. Accordingly the conviction of the appellants under
Section 412 IPC and sentence of 1 1/2 years' RI thereunder are set aside.
Instead they are convicted under Section 411 IPC and sentenced to undergo three
months' RI. The sentence of fine with default clause is however, confirmed.
Accordingly the appeal is partly allowed.