Vs. State of Rajasthan  INSC 238 (11 December 1992)
SINGH (J) KULDIP SINGH (J) KASLIWAL, N.M. (J) CITATION: 1994 SCC Supl. (1) 303 1993 SCALE
1.Tej Dan, late husband of the petitioner was working as patwari in the service
of the State of Rajasthan. He retired from service on June 30, 1980. After his retirement he married
the petitioner Laxmi Kunwar on March 8, 1987.
thereafter he died. The Rajasthan Government has denied family pension to the
petitioner on the ground that Tej Dan married her after retirement from service
and as such under the rules she is not entitled to the family pension. This
petition under Article 32 is by Laxmi Kunwar the widow of Tej Dan seeking a
mandamus directing the respondents to grant family pension to her.
State of Rajasthan, in the counter-affidavit filed before this Court, has taken
the following stand:
family of Shri Tej Dan was entitled to pension by virtue of Rule 268-A to 268D
of Chapter XXVIII-A of (New Family Pension Rules) Rajasthan Service Rules,
1951. Rules 268-A, B and D are annexed hereto and marked Annexure A is true and
correct copy of the aforesaid Rules. It is respectfully submitted that in view
of existing Rules the definition of family does not take into its sweep wife or
husband getting married after the retirement or even children legally adopted
after the retirement. In view of the aforesaid the petitioner is not entitled
to family pension because she admittedly got married to Tej Dan, patwari after
he retired from the service of the State of Rajasthan." Rule 268-D which defines the family is as under:
'Family', for the purposes of this chapter, will include the following
relations of the officer:
Wife, in the case of male officer;
in the case of a female officer;
Note (1)(c) and (d) will include children adopted legally before retirement.
after retirement will not be recognised for the purposes of this rule.
* * * * 3.This Court in Smt Bhagwanti v. Union of India' had an occasion to
deal with identical situation under the Central Services Rules which are pari-materia
to the Rajasthan Rules. This Court struck down part of the rule which excluded
the marriage after retirement from the definition of "Family". We
adopt the reasoning of this Court in Bhagwanti case1 and hold that Note 2 to
Rule 268-D reproduced above is arbitrary and as such ultra vires Article 14 of
the Constitution of India. We, therefore, allow the petition, direct the
respondents to consider the case of the petitioner for grant of family pension
ignoring Note 2 to Rule 268-D which we have struck down. The family pension be finalised
within three months from today, All the arrears of the pension shall be paid to
the petitioner within one month thereafter. No costs.