Singh & Ors Vs. Director General, Ordnance Factory & Ors  INSC
144 (9 July 1991)
Singh (J) Kuldip Singh (J) Kasliwal, N.M. (J)
1991 AIR 1805 1991 SCR (2) 836 1991 SCC (4) 136 JT 1991 (3) 29 1991 SCALE (2)8
Service-Teachers employed in the schools & controlled by Defence
Department-Age of retirement whether 58 or 60 years.
petition filed under Article 32 of the Constitution of India, the petitioners
teachers, employed in the schools run by the respondents, controlled by the Defence
Department of the Government of India, contended that the action of the
respondents in retiring them at the age of 58 years, whereas retaining
similarly situated teachers working in other departments upto the age of 60 years
was discriminatory and violative of Articles 14 and 16 of the Constitution.
respondents filed the Office Memorandum dated 10.3.1989 issued by the Ministry
of Personnel, wherein it was stated that the age of retirement of the teachers
working in all the Departments and Organisations was uniformly fixed at 58
the petition, this Court,
With effect from April
1, 1989 the age of
superannuation of all teachers working in Central Government Departments and Organisations
including Union Territories has been uniformly fixed at 58 years. [838F]
JURISDICTION: Writ petition (C) No. 118 of 1987.
Article 32 of the Constitution of India.
Sharma, K.R. Gupta, Vivek Sharma, R.C. Gubrele and Ms. Nanita Sharma for the Petitioners.
Sekhran, Additional Solicitor General-I, P. Parmeshwaran, S. N. Terda, Ms.
Kitty Kumaramangalam, Ms. A. Subhashini and Ms. Sangeeta Aggarwal for the
The Judgment of the Court was delivered by KULDIP SINGH, J. B.P. Singh and nine
other teachers employed in the schools run by the Ordnance Factories at Kanpur
and Muradnagar, have filed this petition under Article 32 of the Constitution
of India challenging their retirement from service on attaining the age of 58
claim that they are entitled to have the age of superannuation fixed at 60
years instead of 58 years.
O.P. Sharma, learned counsel appearing for the petitioners, has contended that
the age of superannuation of the teachers working in the schools controlled by
various departments of Government of India other than the Defence Department
has been enhanced to 60 years and according to him there is no justification to
single-out the teachers working in the schools run by the Ordnance Factories
under the control of the Defence Department of Government of India Mr. Sharma
has relied upon a Memorandum issued by the Government of India, Ministry of
Education dated September 6, 1983 by which the age of Retirement of Delhi
School Teachers and teachers in other Union Territories was raised to 60 years.
He has also relied on a Memorandum dated March 9, 1984 issued by the Railway Board wherein
the age of superannuation of the teachers working in the Railway schools was
also enhanced to 60 years.
Sharma has thus argued that the action of the respondents in retiring the
petitioners at the age of 58 years whereas retaining similarly situated
teachers working in other departments of Government of India upto the age of 60
Years, is discriminatory and as such violative of Articles 14 and 16 of the
Constitution of India. Prima facie there seems to be force in the argument but
in view of the Office Memorandum dated March 10, 1989 issued by the Government of India,
Ministry of Personnel, New
Delhi, it is not
necessary to examine the same. Shri N. Siva Subramaniam, Joint Secretary,
Ministry of Defence has, alongwith an additional affidavit dated March 16, 1989 filed the said Memorandum in this
court which is reproduced hereunder:
the Ministry of Human Resource Development etc. are aware, the age of
superannuation for all Central Government employees, save with the exception of
a few categories, has been fixed at 58 years and they are to retire on the last
day of the month in which they attain that age.
However, there is no uniformity in the age of superannuation of teachers in
various schools/institutions in the Central Government.
the light of the observations of the Fourth Central Pay Commission regarding
the age of retirement of Central Government employees, the Government has
reviewed the entire question de novo and it has now been decided that the age
of retirement on superannuation of all teachers working in Central Government
Departments and Organisations including Union Territories may be uniformly
fixed at 58 years, whether they are in the Ministry of Education, Ministry of
Railways, Ministry of Defence or any other Ministry/Department or in Delhi
in schools/institutions where the age of retirement on superannuation for
teachers in presently fixed at 58 years, no change is required to be made and
the incumbents as well as future recruits shall retire on attaining the age of
58 years. However, in regard to schools/institutions where the age of
retirement on superannuation for teachers is presently fixed at 60 years/the
same shall be lowered to 58 years w.e.f. 1st April, 1989 with the exception
that the teachers who had joined such schools/institutions prior to this date,
shall continue to enjoy the existing benefit and superannuate on attaining the
age of 60 years.
in respect of such schools/institutions, no new appointment, either on regular
or ad hoc basis, shall be made between the date of this Office Memorandum and
1.4.1989." It is thus obvious that with effect from April 1, 1989 the age of superannuation of all
teachers working in Central Government Departments and Organisations including Union Territories has been uniformly fixed at 58 years. The only argument
advanced by Mr. Sharma has, thus, been completely answered by the above quoted
Writ Petition is, therefore, dismissed with no order as to costs.