Delhi Cloth & General Mills Co.
Ltd. Vs. Workmen  INSC 236 (3 September 1971)
REDDY, P. JAGANMOHAN
CITATION: 1972 AIR 299 1972 SCR (1) 594 1971
SCC (2) 695
F 1972 SC 471 (30,31) R 1972 SC2195 (10) F
1973 SC2300 (15)
Payment of Bonus Act, 1965, s. 6-Whether on
the facts and circumstances of the case, the workers are entitled to higher
The appellant is a public limited company
owning various industrial units including the Delhi Cloth Mills (D.C.M.) and
the Swatantra Bharat Mills (S.B.M.). Although separate balance-sheet and profit
and loss accounts were prepared for each of these two mills, their workmen have
always been paid bonus calculated on the basis of pooled profits of the two
units treating them as one unit. Disputes and differences having arisen as
regards payment of bonus between the workers of these two units, the following
questions were referred to the Tribunal for adjudication.
(i)Whether in calculating the bonus table for
the accounting year in question, the allocation separately made by the company
towards capital and reserves of the two units (D.C.M. and S.B.M. units) is fair
(ii)Whether workmen of these two mills are
entitled to bonus at higher rate for the said accounting year. .
On the basis of documents filed both by the
management and the workers, it appeared that according to the company, direct
taxes which have to be deducted far computation of allocable surplus for
payment of bonus was much higher, while according to the workers, direct taxes
should be much less. If the computation of the management were to be accepted,
the rate of bonus to each employee would remain at 7.30 per cent, while
according to workers, the rate of bonus would be 16.64%. The Tribunal however,
gave its award in favour of the workers. Allowing the appeal,
HELD : The direct taxes under s. 6(c) of the
Bonus Act were properly quantified by the Appellant company in their
calculation and the rate of Bonus to each employee is 7.31 per cent of their
annual wage bill and not 16.64 per cent as claimed by the workers. The bonus
Act, being a complete Code, the provisions thereof must have effect of their
own force. So far as the two mills are concerned, the gross profits must be
computed in terms of the second schedule to the Act and the available surplus
mentioned in s. 5, in terms of ss. 6 and 7 of the Act. Where a branch or
undertaking has to be taken as an Establishment under the proviso to s. 2 for
the purpose of the Act, the gross profits, prior charges, the available 595
surplus and the allocable surplus have all to be found out nationally applying
the fiction to the branch or establishment. When the fiction is to have effect
with regard to all other matters, it is not possible to hold that for the
purpose of computation of direct tax, it has to be given a go-by and the actual
realities of the situation taken note of only in respect of the amount of tax
payable under the Income-tax Act for all the establishments which have to
suffer taxation together and thereby to displace the fictional or notional
liability. [604 C, 605 E, 607 A] Metal Box Co. v. Workmen,  1 S.C.R. 750,
Shree Meenakshi Mills v. Their Workmen.  S.C.R. 878, M/s. Tulsidas Khemji
v. Their Workmen,  1 S.C.R. 675 and M/s. Alloy Steel Project v. 'The
Workmen,  1 S.C.
Cases 536, referred to.
CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION : Civil Appeal
No. 622 of 1967.
Appeal by special leave from the award dated
February 28, 1967 of the Delhi Administration Special Industrial Tribunal,
Delhi in Reference No. 53 of 1966.
G. B. Pai, D. R. Thadani and S. S. Sharma,
for the appellants.
M. N. Phadke, S. S. Khanduja, V. P. Kohli and
Lalita Kohli, for respondents Nos. 1 (c) and 3 (c) (i).
M.K. Ramamurthi and Vineet Kumar, for the
respondent No. 1 (a).
O. P. Sharma and K. S. Suri, for respondent
No. 1 (b).
The Judgment of the Court, was delivered by
Mitter, J. The only point of dispute between the parties to this appeal by
special leave from an order of an Industrial Tribunal relates to the quantum of
direct 'taxes deductible under s. 6 of the Payment of Bonus Act, 1965.
The appellant is a public limited company
owning and running various industrial units situate at different places in
India. These are engaged in the manufacture of different kinds of articles such
as cotton textiles, artificial silk fabrics, sugar, industrial alcohol,
vanaspati, chemicals, fertiliser, polyvinyl chloride and rayon tyrecord etc.
Two of these units i.e., The Delhi Cloth Mills and the Swatantra Bharat Mills
are cotton textile mills each registered as a factory under the Factories Act.
The award under appeal relates to these two mills alone. The appellant prepares
596 and publishes one consolidated balance sheet and profit and loss account of
the company showing the final results of the working of all the units for its
shareholders. It had however for many years past, prepared and maintained
separate balance sheets and profit and loss accounts for some of its units
individually and some grouped together.
Although separate balance sheets and profit
and loss accounts were prepared for each of these two mills (hereinafter
referred to as D.C.M. and S.B.M. for abbreviation) their workmen have always
been paid bonus calculated on the basis of pooled profits of the two units
treating them as one unit. This is borne out by the award of the Tribunal in paragraph
The reference herein was made by notification
dated March 4, 1966 under ss. 10(1) (d) and 12(5) of the Industrial Disputes
Act for adjudication of several specified matters of which the first two read
as follows 1.Whether in calculating the bonus table for the accounting year
ending 30-6-1965 the allocation separately made by the Delhi Cloth and General
Mills Co. Ltd. towards the Capital and Reserves of the Delhi Cloth Mills and
Swatantra Bharat Mills, the two units of the Company, is fair and reasonable ?
If not, what directions are necessary in this regard ? 2.Whether the workmen of
these Mills are entitled to bonus at a rate higher than 6 per cent of the wages
for the accounting year ending 30-6-1965 ? If so, what directions are necessary
in this regard ? After prolonged proceedings before the Tribunal a settlement
was arrived at between the Management and the Labour Unions which were parties
to the reference and agreed directions given in ;accordance therewith in regard
to issue No. 1 were as follows 1.Balance-sheets of D.C.M. and S.B.M. will be
taken together for calculation of available surplus in accordance with the
formula laid down in the Payment of Bonus Act, 1965.
2.Interest has been charged in the profit and
loss account of D.C.M. and S.B.M. units of the head-office 597 current account.
Hence, no return will be claimed thereon.
3.Interest has not been charged on the fixed
capital expenditure accounts and the gratuity reserves, appearing in the
balance sheets of the D.C.M. and S.B.M. therefore, return on such amounts will
4.The following method will be followed in
making a claim for return on the following amounts :
(a) The, fixed capital expenditure account in
the. D.C.M. and S.B.M. as represented by the written down value of the Fixed
assets appearing in the balance sheet of these two units will be treated as
paid up share capital of the company allocated to and invested in these two
units and return at the rate of 81% or as provided in the Payment of Bonus Act,
1965 from time. to time will be charged thereon as provided under the Payment
of Bonus Act, 1965.
(b) The gratuity reserves of these two units
will be treated as reserves and return at the rate of 6% will be charged
thereon as provided under the Payment of Bonus Act, 1965.
5. The method and basis of casting balance
sheets will not be unilaterally altered or changed.
6.The, above method of charging return on
paid up share capital and reserve of the above two units will be followed in
Thereafter the parties filed a large number
of documents waiving formal proof thereof. Those, filed on behalf of the
Management were Exs. M to M-352 while three other opposite parties filed some
documents each. On the basis of the documents before the Tribunal the
Management and the workers made their respective calculations which were summed
up in a chart, a copy whereof was handed over to us by learned counsel for the
appellants. The same reads as follows:-598 CHART Management M-330 (paper Book
p.200) -----------------------------------------------------------Ref. of Bonus
Act Details Ext DCM SBM -----------------------------------------------------------Gross
Profit As per Ext. 1 107.14 48.93 Schedule 2 deductions Prior charges Statutory
depreciation S.6(a) (b) Development rebate 2 (c) Direct taxes 3 (a) Income tax
3 (b) Surtax (d) RETURN (a) Dividend on Pref 4 capital (b) on equity capital 4
(c) on reverse 4 Available surplus S.5 Allocable surplus S.2 (a) Payables as
bonus 60% Annual wage bill of all the eligible of 5.201.78 plus 101.54
employees Rate of bonus to each employee Workers W-84 (Paper Book p.213)
-----------------------------------------------------------156.09 Gross Profit
.................. .. 156.09 DEDUCTIONS 35.83 Depreciation u/s 6(a) . . . . . .
. 35.83 Development rebate u/s 6(b). . . . . . 2.72 2.72 Direct taxes u/s 6(c)
as in EX-M-15 10.09 Return on capital under s.6(d) 22.47 52.24 5.48 27.17 1.30
118.74 Available surplus is . . . . . . . .. . .. 84.98 Allocable surplus is
60% of Rs.84.98 50.99 37.35 22.40 306.32 Annual wages . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. 306.32 7.31% Rate of bonus . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 16.64%
----------------------------------------------------------599 The above brings
out the wide divergence between the parties as to the figure of direct taxes.
According to the appellant direct taxes which have to be deducted for
computation of allocable surplus for payment of bonus are :
Rs. 52-24 lakhs by way of income-tax and Rs.
5-48 lakhs by way of surtax making a total of Rs. 57-72 lakhs, while according
to the calculation of the workers direct taxes should be no more than Rs. 10-09
lakhs on the basis of Ex.
M15, one of the documents produced by the
Management itself. If the computation of the Management is accepted, then the
allocable surplus in terms of s. 2(4) of the Bonus Act is Rs. 22-40 lakhs and
the rate of bonus to each employee is 7.31 per cent while according to the
computation of the workers the allocable surplus is Rs. 50-99 lakhs and the
rate of bonus should be 16.64%.
In order to appreciate the viewpoints of the
two parties, it is necessary to refer to some provisions of the Act. It is
unnecessary to state that before the enactment of the Bonus Act of 1965 bonus
used to be awarded by Industrial Tribunals whenever there was a dispute between
the Management and the workers, by applying the Labour Appellate Tribunal Full
Bench formula formulated as far back as 1950 and approved of and explained in
several decisions of this Court. The Act of 1965 was passed for creating a
statutory liability "for payment of bonus to persons employed in certain
establishments and for matters connected therewith".
Subject to certain exceptions it was made
applicable to every factory or other establishment in which twenty or more
persons were employed on any day during an accounting year.The accounting year
in the present case is 1st July 1964 to 30th June, 1965. Under s. 8 every
employee is entitled to be paid by the employer in an accounting year, bonus in
accordance with the provisions of the Act. The amount of bonus is to be
specified percentages of the allocable surplus of the establishment which is
defined in s. 2 sub-s. (4) of the Act. Establishments may be of two kinds. They
are either establishments in private sector or establishments in private
sector. Although 'establishment' by itself has not been defined in the Act
separately, s. 3 gives a clue to the meaning thereof. The said section runs as
"Where an establishment consists of
different departments or undertakings or has branches, whether situated in the
same place or in different places, all such departments or undertakings or
branches shall be treated as parts of the same establishment for the purpose of
computation of bonus under this Act :
Provided that where for any accounting year a
se parate balance-sheet and profit and loss account are 600 Prepared and
maintained in respect of any such department or undertaking or branch, then,
such department or undertaking or branch shall be treated as a separate
establishment for the purpose of computation of bonus under this Act for that
year, unless such department or undertaking or branch was, immediately before
the commencement of that accounting year treated as part of the establishment
for the purpose of computation of bonus." Gross profits of each
establishment have to be computed in terms of s. 4 which in its turn refer to
two Schedules the first to be applicable to a banking company and the other to
any other case. After the ascertainment of gross profits s.
5 lays down the method of computation of
Before the amendment introduced by Act 8 of
1969 the available surplus in respect of any accounting year was to be the
gross profits for the year after deducting there from the sums referred to in
s. 6. S. 6 provided for the deduction of certain amounts from the gross profits
as prior charges. These are, namely, (a) any amount by way of depreciation
admissible in accordance with the provisions of subs. (1) of s. 32 of the
Income-tax Act or in accordance with the provisions of the agricultural
income-tax law, as the case may be (the provision is irrelevant for our
(b) any amount by way of development rebate
or development allowance which the employer is entitled to deduct from his
income under the Income-tax Act; (c) subject to the provisions of s. 7 any
direct tax which the employer is liable to pay for the accounting year in
respect of his income, profits and gains during that Year; and (d) such further
sums as are specified in respect of the employer in the Third Schedule. Before
the amendment of the Act in 1969 s. 7 read as follows :"For the purpose of
clause (c) of section 6, any, direct tax payable by the employer for any
accounting year shall, subject to the following provisions, be calculated at
the rates applicable to the income of the employer for that year, namely :(a)
in calculating such tax no account shall be taken of--(i) any loss incurred by
the employer in respect of any previous accounting year and carried forward
under any law for the time being in force relating to direct taxes;
(ii) any arrears of depreciation which the
employer is entitled to add to the amount of the allowances for 601
depreciation for any following accounting year or years under subsection (2) of
section 32 of the Income-tax Act;
(iii) any exemption conferred on the employer
under section 84 of the Income-tax Act or of any deduction to which he is
entitled under sub-section (1) of section 101 of the Act, as in force
immediately before the commencement of the Finance Act, 1965;
(b) where the employer is a religious or a
charitable institution to which the provisions of section 32 do not apply and
the whole or any part of its income is exempt from tax under the Income-tax
Act, then, with respect to the income so exempted, such institution shall be
treated as if it were a company in which the public are substantially
interested within the meaning of that Act;
(c) where the employer is an individual or a
Hindu undivided family, the tax payable by such employer under the Income-tax
Act shall be calculated on the basis that the income derived by him from the
establishment is his only income;
(d) where the income from any employer
includes any profits and gains derived from, the export of any goods or
merchandise out of India and any rebate on such income is allowed under any law
for the time being in force relating to direct taxes, then, no account shall be
taken of such rebate;
(e) no account shall be taken of any rebate
(other than development rebate or development allowance) or credit or relief or
deduction (not hereinbefore mentioned in this section) in the payment of any
direct tax allowed under any law for the time being in force relating to direct
taxes or under the relevant annual Finance Act, for the development of any
industry." Section 3 is the key to the Act in that it fixes the res or the
property which is to provide the allocable surplus for the distribution of
bonus in terms of the Act. This must be an establishment and a question
directly arises when there are a number of establishments in common ownership
as to how the allocable surplus is to be found out. If s. 3 had no proviso to
it, all departments, undertakings or branches, be they complete factories or
not, for turning out commercial products under common ownership could be treated
as one establishment for the purpose of computation of 'bonus, A company which
is a legal entity 602 owning and running factories of diverse characters
whether situate at the same place or located at different places would in such
eventuality, form one establishment for the purpose of the Act. The proviso to
the section however shows that the legislature intended that each of these
factories is to be treated as a separate establishment for the purpose of
computation of bonus if a separate balance sheet and profit and loss account
were prepared in respect thereof unless such a factory was, immediately before
the commencement of the accounting year, treated as a part and parcel of the
company i.e., the establishment. In other words, if different units or branches
or departments had been treated separately for the purpose of computation of
bonus and separate balance sheet and profit and loss accounts had been prepared
in respect thereof, they were not to lost their separate identity as
establishments because of the main provision of S. 3. Once it is ascertained
that a branch, department or a factory is an establishment by itself under the
Act, sections 4 to 7 are to have effect in respect of that establishment by
themselves without the impact or connection with other branches, departments or
factories even if they sub serve a common cause. Gross profits ,of such an
establishment like the two mills before us would have to be calculated in terms
of the Second Schedule to the Act by taking the net profit as per profit and
loss account and adding thereto the various amounts therein mentioned and
deducting the amounts like capital receipts, profits of and receipts relating
to business outside India etc. The gross profits to be computed for the purpose
of bonus would not be the same as to be computed under the Indian Companies Act
or the Income-tax Act. Under S. 5 of the Act the available surplus in respect
of the two units would be the gross profits computed under S. 4 as reduced by
the prior charges mentioned in sub-cls. (a) to (b) of section 6. All these
amounts i.e., gross profits, available surplus and sums deductible from gross
profits would be notional amounts in that they would not be the amounts which
would be computed under the Companies Act for submission to the shareholders or
for assessment under the Income-tax Act to the taxing authorities. 'S. 7 cl.
(a) of the Act further illustrates the point that the direct taxes which are to
be deducted as prior charges are not to be the same as would be assessed by the
income-tax authorities under the Income-tax Act. That the calculation of direct
taxes would be on a notional basis is also emphasised by cls. (b), (c), The net
result seems to be that the legislature intended that subject to the express
provisions mentioned, the employees of a particular establishment should be
entitled to bonus under the, Act without any consideration to facts or matters
not mentioned 603 in the Act. The employer is to be treated as a separate
juristic person liable to pay bonus to the employees as if the establishment
was his only venture, no matter how he fares in his other ventures. Even if the
sum total of his activities in respect of his ventures resulted in a loss for
the accounting year, he would have to pay bonus subject to the maximum
specified in section 10 of the Act to each employee of the establishment which
was making profits. The profits or losses of the other establishments, although
they may form part of the composite whole in the accounting to be done under
the Companies Act or the assessments to be made under the Income-tax Act, would
be wholly alien to consideration and computation of bonus of the profit making
establishments in terms of the Act.
The balance sheet and the profit and loss
account of tie Delhi Cloth and General Mills as on 30th June 1965 and for the
year ended 30 June 1965 were Exs. M-5 to M-7 before the Tribunal while Exs. M-8
to M-10 are the corresponding documents for the Swatantra Bharat Mills. There
is no dispute between the parties with regard to the figure of gross profits in
terms of the Second Schedule to the Bonus Act as shown in the main chart Ex.
M-330 of the Management. The gross profits for the Delhi Cloth Mills was Rs.
107.14 lakhs and that for Swatantra Bharat Mills Rs. 48.95 lakhs totalling Rs.
156-09 lakhs. There is also no dispute that the statutory depreciation in terms
of s. 6(a) of the Act was Rs. 17,52,048 for the Delhi Cloth Mills and Rs. 18,30,969
for Swatantra Bharat Mills the total whereof comes 'to Rs. 35.83 lakhs. The
corresponding figures for the development rebate of the two mills add up to
2-72 lakhs but whereas according to Ex. M-330 the direct tax i.e., the sum of,
income-tax and surtax in respect of these two units should be Rs. 52.24 lakhs
and Rs. 5.48 lakhs totalling Rs. 57.72 lakhs, the employees claim that the
figure should be no higher than Rs. 10.09 lakhs in terms of Ex. M15.
It is well known that under the Indian
Income-tax Act the total profits and gains of a business are to be worked out
in terms of s. 28 of the Income-tax Act, 1951. Under s. 29 the income referred
to in s. 28 is to be computed in accordance with the provisions contained in
ss. 30 to 43-A.
S. 30 shows what reductions are to be allowed
in respect of rent, rates, taxes etc. for premises used for the purpose of a
business or profession. S. 31 specifies the amounts deductible in respect of
repairs and insurance of machinery plant and furniture used for the purpose of
S. 32 deals with depreciation allowable under
the Income-tax Act. It contains elaborate Provisions as to how the depreciation
is to be worked out. S. 33 provides for computation of development rebate in
respect of the plant or machinery.
604 S. 33-A provides for development
allowance. S. 33-B provides for computation of rehabilitation allowance. S. 34
lays down the conditions for the allowance of depreciation and development
rebate. Ss. 35, 35-A, 35,B, 35-C and 36 provide for special allowances. When
the total income is 'ascertained after providing for the many allowances specified
in the Act, income-tax is charged in respect of the total income of the
previous year or previous year as the case may be, at rates laid down in the
Finance Act for the relevant, year. The Companies Act however is not concerned
with any other allowance except the one for depreciation under s. 32 of the
Income-tax Act and the amounts deductible by way of development rebate or
development allowance under the said Act.
It must follow from the above that the
liability for direct tax under S. 6(c) must be the one which would have to be
computed by principles followed in the Income-tax Act. In other words, the
liability under s. 6(c) must be the notional liability of a venture of which
the gross profits are known and the prior charges by way of depreciation and
development rebate and development allowance have been computed. The
calculation of income-tax in Ex. M-330 proceeds on the basis that the gross
profits are Rs. 156.09 lakhs and the depreciation and development rebate
allowable under S. 6(a) and (b) are Rs. 38.55 lakhs leaving a margin of Rs.
117.54 lakhs for computation of Incometax, If this tax is quantified at 45% of
the said balance it comes to Rs.
52.24 lakhs as shown in the calculation chart
of the Management and surtax thereon would be Rs. 5.48 lakhs. The respondents
do not. dispute that the figures for income-tax and surtax would be as shown by
the Management if their basic calculation is correct; but according to them the
Management must accept the figure given in Ex. M-15. Ex. M-15 proceeds on the
basis that the total liability of the company being Rs. 16.00 lakhs as shown at
page 4 of the Directors' report to the shareholders under the Indian Companies
Act for the year ended 30th June 1965, the same would be allocable to the two
units of Delhi, Cloth Mills and Swatantra Bharat Mills in the proportion of Rs.
7.37 lakhs and Rs. 2.24 lakhs. These figures however have no bearing on the
computation of the liability to tax under s.
6(c) of the Bonus Act for the two particular
units involved in this case. It was argued at one stage by the respondents that
cl. (c) of s. 6 is not related to cls. (a) and (b) of the said section. If that
were so, there is no reason why the tax liability at 45% should not be
calculated on the whole of the gross profits i.e., Rs. 156.09 lakhs. Ex M-15
was apparently prepared on the basis that the total tax liability for
income-tax purposes of all 'the various units under the ownership of the Delhi
Cloth and 605 General Mills Company Ltd. being Rs. 16 lakhs, Rs. 7.85 lakhs and
Rs. 2.24 lakhs would be attributable to the working results of Delhi Cloth
Mills and Swatantra Bharat Mills. If the direct tax liability be as quantified
by the Management in Ex. M-330 the available surplus in terms of s. 5 of the
Act is Rs. 37.35 lakhs and allocable surplus under the Act being 60% thereof is
to be quantified at Rs. 23.40 lakhs which works out to 7.31 per cent on The
annual wage bills of all the eligible employees totalling Rs. 306.32 lakhs.
The Act being a self-contained and
self-sufficient Act except in so far as it refers to the other enactments
therein mentioned, and in particular the Indian Income-tax Act, it becomes
irrelevant to consider the application of the Full Bench formula of the Labour
Appellate Tribunal for the computation of bonus before the Act of 1965 was
Equally in our view it is unnecessary to
refer to the observations of this Court in The Sree Meenakshi Mills Ltd.
v. Their Workmen(1) or to M/s. Tulsidas
Khimji v. Their Workmen(2) relied on by learned counsel Mr. Phadke for some of
the respondents. The Act is a complete Code and the provisions thereof must
have effect of their own force. So far as the mills before us are concerned,
the gross profits must be computed in terms of Second Schedule to the Act and
the available surplus mentioned in s. 5 in terms of ss. 6 and 7 of the Act.
Where a branch or undertaking has to be taken as an establishment under the
proviso to s. 3 for the purpose of the Act, the gross profits, prior charges,
the available surplus and the allocable surplus have all to be found out by
applying that fiction to the branch or establishment. When the fiction is to
have effect with regard to all other matters, it is not possible to hold that
for the purpose of computation of direct tax it has to be given a go-by and the
actual realities of the situation only in respect of the amount of tax payable
under the Income-tax Act for all the establishments which have to suffer
taxation together allowed to displace the fictional or notional liability.
In the present case, it so happens that the
bulk of the profits of the company (the Delhi Cloth and General Mills Company
Ltd. ) came from these two units : some of the other units suffered losses
while still others were not equally profit-making. If the argument raised on
behalf of the work-men was to be accepted and if it so happened that the other
units were greater profit-making branches than these two units, greater tax
liability might fall on these units thereby reducing the percentage of bonus
due to the employees of these units as a whole. That certainly was not the
object with which the enactment was passed. S. 7 (1)  S.C.R. 878.
(2)  1 S.C.R. 675.
606 of the Act itself shows that the matters
extraneous to the working of the establishment in the particular year were not
to be taken into account although they could not be ignored for computing tax
liability under the Indian Income-tax Act.
Strong reliance was placed by learned counsel
for the appellant on the decision of this Court in Metal Box Co. v. Workmen(1).
Counsel for the respondents made valiant efforts to persuade us to hold that
many of the observations therein were obiter and as such the case should either
be distinguished or be not followed as a precedent for the determination of the
question before us. While no doubt the dispute, in that case was somewhat
different from the one which we have to resolve and there are some
distinguishing features in that case, namely, that the Court was not called
upon to examine the computation of the figures of gross profits etc. for an
establishment which came within the proviso to s. 3 the observations bearing on
the question of the computation of direct tax under S. 6 (c) of the Act art,
certainly in point. It was pointed out 'there at p. 775 :
"What s. 7 really means is that the
Tribunal has to compute the direct taxes at the rates at which the income,
gains and profits of the employer are taxed under the Income Tax Act and other
such Acts during the accounting year in question. That is the reason why S.
6(c) has the words "is liable, for" and the words "'income,
gains and profits". These words do not, however, mean that the Tribunal
while computing direct taxes as a prior charge has to assess the actual taxable
income and the taxes thereon." With respect, we entirely agree with the
above observation and in our view no useful purpose will be served by referring
to the other observations bearing on a question with which we are not directly
In Mls. Alloy Steel Project v. The Workmen(1)
where the project was owned, controlled and managed by a Government Company,
viz., Messrs Hindustan Steel Ltd., and separate balance sheet and profit and
loss accounts of the undertaking were maintained, it was held that the claim of
the work-men that the project was a part of the Hindustan Steel Ltd. should be
upheld and its employees placed on the same footing as the other employees of
the steel company was rejected inasmuch as the project which was started in the
year 1964-65 made no profits right up to the year 196768.
(1)  1 S.C.R. 750. (2)  1 S.C.
607 In the result, we hold that the direct
taxes under s. 6 (c) of the Act were properly quantified by the appellants in
their calculation shown in Ex. M-330 and the Tribunal went wrong in assessing
that liability on the basis of Ex. M-15.
The award will therefore be set aside and
modified to provide for bonus being given to the workers at 7.31 per cent of
their annual wage bill. The appeal is therefore allowed as indicated above,
but, in the circumstances of the case, we make no order as to costs.
ORDER At the suggestion of the Court, the
Advocate for the appellant renewed the offer to pay ten per cent of the wages
of the employees as bonus for the relevant year. The offer was accepted on
behalf of the employees by their Advocates. The award will, accordingly, stand
modified, and the provision of ten per cent of wages as bonus be inserted
therein. The payment of bonus will be made before Diwali, 1971.
There will be no liability to pay interest.
Our judgment having regard to the agreement of the parties will accordingly