Biswanath Banarjee Vs. State of West
Bengal & Ors  INSC 66 (2 March 1971)
REDDY, P. JAGANMOHAN REDDY, P. JAGANMOHAN
CITATION: 1971 AIR 1038 1971 SCR (3) 897 1971
SCC (1) 667
West Bengal Board of Secondary Education Act
(5 of 1963), ss. 16 and 46(2)-Existing employees to continue in office till
arrangements are made under the Act-Appointment of Secretary under the
Act-Whether services of previous Secretary dispensed with-Wheather existing
employer are 'deemed' to be the employees of the Board under the Act.
In 1962, the appellant was appointed
Secretary of the Board of Secondary Education constituted under the West Bengal
Secondary Education Act, 1950, as amended in 1954. In 1963, the West Bengal
Board of Secondary Education Act was enacted repealing the earlier Acts and the
rules made there under.
The 1963-Act 'constituted an entirely new
Board of Secondary Education. Under s. 46(2), the services of the persons in
the employment of the Board under the old Act are continued until other
provision is made. Under s. 16, the power of appointment of the Secretary for
the Board is vested in the State Government and not in the Board. Rule 8 of the
Rules made under the 1963-Act provided that the State Government may dispense
with the services of the Secretary on three months' notice or payment of three
months' salary in lieu of notice. The State Government dispensed with the
services of the appellant paying him three months' salary in lieu of notice,
and appointed a new secretary in his place.
On the questions : (1) Whether the State
Government could act under r. 8 in respect of a person who is continued in
service under s. 46 of the 1963-Act; and (2) Whether the services of an
employee of the Board could be terminated by the State Government,
HELD : (1) All that the 1963-Act provides for
is the continuance of the employees of the previous Board till other
arrangements are made. That is, in the present case, the appellant was
continued in service only until another secretary was appointed by the State
Government under the 1963-Act; and the State Government has the power to
appoint a Secretary under s. 16 of the Act, irrespective of its powers under
the Rules. [1901 A-C] (2) Under s. 46(2) of the 1963-Act the appellant merely
continues in service but he is not deemed to be on employee of he Board.
Therefore, there is no basis for the argument that the services of an employee
of the Board could only be terminated only by the Board and riot by the State
Government. [901 C, F] State of Assam v. Kripanath Sarma,  1 S.C.R. 499,
CIVIL APPELLATE Jurisdiction : Civil Appeals
Nos. 1674 and 1675 of 1969.
898 Appeals from the judgment and decree
dated July 23, 1968 of the Calcutta High Court in Appeal from Original Order
Nos. 185 and 186 of 1967.
B. Sen, D. N. Mukherjee and Somendra Chandra
Bose, for the appellant.
K. R. Chaudhuri and K., Rajendra Chowdhary,
for respondents Nos. 2, 3 and 6.
Santosh Chatterjee, G. S.Chatterjee for
Sukumar Basu, for respondent No. 1.
The Judgment of the Court was delivered by P.
Jaganmohan Reddy, These appeals are by a certificate under Art. 132(C) of the
Constitution of India against the judgment of the Calcutta HIgh Court, which
have by an order of this Court dated 25-81969 been consolidated for the purpose
of hearing. The short question for determination in these appeals in whether
under the provisions of the West Bengal Board of Secondary Education Act 5 of
1963 read with Rule 8 of the West Bengal Board of Secondary Education
(Appointment of Secretary) Rules, the appellant I could be discharged from the
service of the Board of Education. The appellant was an office Superintendent
of the Board constituted under the West Bengal Secondary Education Act 37 of
1950 (hereinafter called 'the 1950 Act'). He was promoted as Assistant
Secretary on 12-7-1952, as Deputy Secretary on 18-6-56 and on the 1st/8th
August 1962 he was appointed as Secretary on probation and confirmed on 1-8-63
by an order dated the 24th August 63. The appellant continued in this office
till 25th November 66 when his services were dispensed with, with immediate
effect on payment of 3 months’ salary in lieu of notice. In his place the
Government by its order of the same date appointed temporarily respondent 6-D.
Mazumdar, Director of Consumer Goods, West Bengal as Secretary for a period not
exceeding 6 months from the date on, which be takes charge of the office. As we
have earlier mentioned the initial Act under which his appointment was the Act
of 1950. Subseq hotly another Act known as the West Bengal Secondary Education
(Temporary Provision) Act 24 of 1954 was passed by the Legislature, by which
the Board created by the Act of 1950 was superseded and its powers were vested
in an administrator appointed by the State Government. It was the administrator
who had appointed the petitioner on probation.
On the 20th February 63 the West Bengal Board
of Secondary Education Act 5 of 1963 (hereinafter called 'the 1963 Act') was
passed which came into force on 1-1-1964. Before this Act came into force 899
certain regulations were made on 12-12-63 under the Act of 1950, rule 4 of
which dealt with the conditions of service which were similar to those in Rule
4 of 1951 regulations made on 19-9-51. Under regulation 4 of 1951 the Board had
power to dispense with the services of the Secretary or any officer by giving 3
months notice or on payment to him of 3 months’ salary in lieu of notice. Act
22 of 1954 it may be mention did not abolish the Board but only authorised the
Administrator to carry on the duties and functions vested in the Board so that
the appellant when he was appointed on probation by the Administrator was an
employee of the Board.
The 1963 Act by clause 1 of Sec. 46 repealed
both the 1950 Act as well as the temporary provisions Act 22 of 1954 and by
sub-clause (2) it provided that "all Officers and other persons in the
employment of the Board of Secondary Education immediately before the
commencement of this Act shall until provision is made continue in the service
of the Board'. It may here be mentioned that prior to the enforcement of the
Act on 1-1-64 the Government had made and published rules under that Act known
as the West Bengal Secondary Education (appointment of Secretary) Rules 1963,
rule 8 whereof is in the following terms .lm15 " The State Government
shall have the power to dispense with the services of the Secretary on three
months' notice or in lieu of such notice on payment of three months' salary and
also to discharge or dismiss the Secretary from service without notice or
compensation in the event of misconduct or of a breach of any of the duties
attached to the post of Secretary".
It is in exercise of powers vested under this
Rule that the Governor dispensed with the services of the appellant which is no
w challenged.. The learned Advocate for the appellant contends inter-alia that
:(i) the rule under which the appellant's services have been dispensed with
have no application to the case of a person who continues in service under Sec.
46 (2) (c) of the 1963 Act, (ii) being an employee of the Board, his services
could only be terminated by the Board and not by the State Government, (iii)
-Sec. 46(2) (c) envisages that till some other employment is found for all
those persons who were in employment of the Board of Secondary Education before
the commencement of the 1963 Act, they cannot be discharged.
For an appreciation of these contentions it
is necessary to examine the relevant provisions of the 1963 Act.
Under Sec. 2(a) the Board means the West
Bengal Board of Secondary Education established under the 1963 Act. Section 3
90 0 empowers the State Government as soon as may be after the Act comes into
force to establish the Board named the West Bengal Secondary Education Board.
The Board shall be a body corporate with perpetual succession and a common
Section 4 deals with the composition of the
Board which it may be stated is totally different to that which comprised the
Board, under the 1950 Act. The appointment of persons in the service of the
Board and their condition of service etc. are the subject matter of Section 16,
the relevant provisions of which are as follows :(1) The Board shall have a
Secretary who shall be appointed by the State Govt.
(2) The Board may appoint such other officers
and servants as it considers necessary for carrying out the purposes of this
(3) The terms and conditions of appointment
and the scales of pay and allowances, if any, shall(a) as respect the Secretary
be such as may be prescribed, and (b) as respect the other officers and servants
be such as may be determined by regulations.
(4) Sub-sec. 1 ) of Sec. 45 empowers the
State Govt. after previous publication, to make rules for carrying out the
purposes of this Act and sub-sec. (2) (f) provides that :
"In particular, and without prejudice to
the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for all or any of
the following matters, namely(f) the terms and conditions of appointment, the
scale of pay and the rules of discipline relating to the Secretary of the
It is under the last mentioned provision 45
(2) (f ) that the rules were made, rule 8 of which we have already extracted.
It will thus 'be seen that the 1963 Act constituted an entirely new Board of
Secondary Education and after repealing the old Acts it continued the services
of the Officers and other persons in the employment of the Board of Education
under the old Act until other provision is made. It may be stated that the
power of appointment of a Secretary for the Board under Sec. 16 is not vested
in the Board but in the Govt. as such there can be no validity in the
contention of the learned Advocate for the appellant that the Govt. has no
power to appoint a Secretary in place 901 of the appellant who according to him
still continues as Secretary under the Board. As we read the provisions, we are
clear in our minds and it admits of no doubt that the Board has no. power to
appoint a Secretary, nor has the, appellant a right to. the post as such. All
that the Act provides for is the continuance of the employees of the previous
Board till other arrangements are made, namely till a Secretary is appointed by
the Govt. In our view the appointment of the new Secretary can be traceable to
the powers vested in the Govt. under Sec. 16 irrespective of the power vested under
the rules. The argument that the appellant being an employee of the Board his
services could only be terminated by the Board and not by the State Govt. has
no validity in that the old rules have been repealed and the new Board ha,, no
power to appoint a Secretary. It has been urged before us that a decision of
this Court in State of Assam v. Kripanath Sharma & Ors. etc.(1), lends
support to the contention of the learned Advocate. That case was under the
Assam Elementary Education Act 1962 the relevant provisions of which are not in
pari-material with the provisions of the Act which we ate called upon to
consider. The respondents in that case were Elementary Education School
Teachers appointed under the Assam Basic Education Act 1954. That Act was repealed
by the Assam Elementary Education Act 1962 under which the Board was to be
constituted and in the place of the School Boards functioning under the 1954
Act, the Deputy Inspectors of Schools were made Assistant Secretary of the said
Board within their respective jurisdiction. Sec. 34(2) provided that all the
Elementary School Teachers appointed under the 1954 Act would be taken over by
the State Board and who under Section 38 were further deemed to have been
employed by the said Board. The statute therefore provided that they were the
employees of the Board. Sec. 46(2) (c) however merely continues them and does
not deem the to be employees of the Board. What happened in that case was that
the Board merely passed a resolution "that all teachers who are not Matriculates
or who have not passed the Teachers test but who are working as Teachers in
School shall be discharged with effect from 31-3-63". The Assistant
Secretary without obtaining specific sanction from the Board issued orders for
their discharge which he had no power to do. In those circumstances the power
to terminate the services being in the Board, it was held that the order of
termination by the Assistant Secretary was invalid. This case does not help the
appellant. Lastly the earned Advocate sought to press in aid a Judgment of a
Bench of the Calcutta High Court in Bidyut Kr. Biswas & Ors. V. West Bengal
Board of Secondary Education & Ors.(2) in which the (1)  1 S.C.R.
499. (2) C.W.N. Vol. 73 (1968-(9) 417.
902 provision of Sec. 46(2) (c) of the 1963
Act were dealt with in support of his contention that the persons in the
employment of Board of Secondary Education under the 1950 Act could only be
discharged if an alternative employment is found for them inasmuch as the words
until other provision is made' justifies that conclusion. This point has not
been raised in the Writ Petition nor has it been urged either before the Single
Bench or before the Division Bench of the High Court and is sought to be raised
for the first time before this Court. We cannot permit him to do so, and
therefore express no views on this aspect of the case. In the result the
appeals are dismissed but in the circumstances without costs.
V.P.S. Appeals dismissed.