Jagat Kishore Prasad Narain Singh Vs.
Rajendra Kumar Poddar & Ors  INSC 160 (14 August 1970)
14/08/1970 HEGDE, K.S.
CITATION: 1971 AIR 342 1971 SCR (1) 821
RF 1974 SC1185 (12) RF 1980 SC 303 (14) RF
1983 SC 558 (36) F 1984 SC 305 (12) R 1989 SC 100 (16)
Representation of the People Act, 1951, Ss.
81, 82, 86 and 117--serious discrepancies between original petition and copy
supplied to respondent--If non-compliance with s. 81(3)--Whether petition
liable to be dismissed under s. 86.
By an election petition, the appellant
challenged the validity of the first respondent's election to the Rajya Sabha
from Bihar held in March, 1968. The grounds of challenge included allegations
of corrupt practice by the first respondent. The High Court found that there
were serious discrepancies between the original petition filed in the Court and
the copy supplied to the first respondent. It dismissed the petition on the
ground, inter alia, that there was non-compliance with the provisions of ss.
81, 82 and 117 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951.
On appeal to this Court,
HELD : Dismissing the appeal, On a reference
to only one of the discrepancies found by the High Court which related to
allegations of corrupt practice it was clear that this discrepancy was bound to
mislead the contesting respondents and prejudice their defence.
Pleadings in a case have great importance and
that is more so in election petitions particularly when the returned candidate
is charged with corrupt practice. He must know what the charge against him is
so that he may prepare his defence. If replying on the allegations in the copy
of the petition served on him, the first respondent had collected evidence to
show that allegation was false then the entire basis of him is so that he may
prepare his defence. If relying on the allegations to meet a totally different
The law requires that a true copy of the
election petition should be served on the respondents. That requirement had not
been either fully or substantially complied with.
Therefore the election petition was liable to
be dismissed under s. 86 of the Act.[825 A-C] Murarka Radhey Shyam Ram Kumar v.
Roop Singh Rathore and Ors.,  3 S.C.R. 573 and, Ch. Subbarao v. Member,
Election Tribunal, Hyderabad,  6 S.C.R. 213; referred to
CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION Civil Appeal No.
1925- of 1969.
Appeal under s. 116-A of the Representation
of the people Act, 1951 from the judgment and order dated July 1969 of the Patna
High Court in Election Petition No. 1 of 1968.
M. C. Chagla, D. N., Mishra, and B. P. Singh,
for the appellant.
822 K. P. Verma, R. Goburdhun and D.
Goburdhun, for respondent No. 1.
S. Saukat Hussain, for respondent No. 13.
The, Judgment of the Court was delivered by
Hegde, j.-This is an appeal under S. 116A of the Representation of the People
Act, 1951 (to be hereinafter referred to as the Act) from the judgment and
order dated July 14, 1969 of the Patna High Court in Election Petition No. 1 of
A biennial election to the Rajya Sabha was
held in March 1968. In that election, Bihar Legislative Assembly had to elect
seven members to the Rajya Sabha. Twenty persons contested for those seven
seats. The appellant is one of them. The appellant failed to get the required
number of votes. By means of an election petition which has given rise to this
appeal, he challenged the validity of the- election of the 1st respondent on
two grounds viz.-(1) that the nomination of respondent No. 1 was improperly
accepted inasmuch as he was not qualified to be enrolled as an elector in the
electoral roll of West Patna Assembly constituency for the time being in force
on the ground that he was then not ordinarily resident in the said
constituency, but was on the other hand, ordinarily resident in Alipur
constituency of the West Bengal Legislative Assembly and (2) that he was guilty
of corrupt practice within the meaning of sub-s. (1) of S. 123 of the Act, in-
asmuch as he had not only made offers but also payments of money to various
electors as motive or reward for voting in his favour.
The election petition was resisted by the 1st
respondent on various grounds. One of the contentions taken by him was that the
petition was not in accordance with the provisions of ss. 81, 82 and 117 of the
Act and therefore it was not maintainable. The High Court has accepted that
It has also rejected the other pleas taken by
As we are in agreement with the High Court
that the election petition is liable to be dismissed under S. 8 6 of the Act,
we do not think it necessary to go into the merits of the case.
Section 86(1) of the Act provides "The
High Court shall dismiss an election petition which does not comply with the
provisions of section 81 or section 82 or section 117." Section 81(3)
requires (1) that every election petition shall be accompanied by as many
copies thereof as there are respondents mentioned in the petition and (ii) that
every such copy shall be attested by the petitioner under his own signature to
be a true 823 copy of the petition. The contention of the 1st respondent is
that the copy served on him which is marked Exh. O' in the trial court is not
the true copy of the election petition filed in court. In the High Court it was
contended that Exh. O' is not a genuine document but that contention was not
pressed before us. Therefore we have to proceed on the basis that Exh. O is a
copy served on the 1`st respondent.
The discrepancies between the election
petition filed in court and Exh. O' are set out by the High Court in paragraph
15 of its judgment. That paragraph to the extent material for our present
purpose reads (a) In paragraph 12, as also in paragraph 13 of the original, it
has been stated that the total number of elected members of the Bihar Legislative
Assembly at the time of the impugned election was 316, whereas in Ext. O' this
figure has been stated to be 317 in both these paragraphs.
(b) In paragraph 16 of the original it has
been stated that respondents 2 and 3 had been set up as candidates in the
election by the Samyukta Socialist Party, and as to respondents 6 and 5, it was
stated that they had been set up by the Communist Party of India and the Jana
Sangh respectively. But in Ext. O' it has been stated that the candidates who
were- set up by the Samyukta Socialist Party were, respondents 2 and 6, while
respondents 3 and 5 had been set up by the communist Party of India and the
Jana Sangh respectively.
(c) In paragraph 28 of the original, the
following passage occurs :
"Particular of the ON and gratifications
in the form of bribe offered by respondent No. 8 and his election agent and his
agent with the connivance and consent of the said respondent No. 8 and his
election agent are set out in Annexure D' hereto annexed.,, But the passage in Ext.
"Particulars of the gifts and
gratifications in the form of bribe Offered by respondent No.8 and his election
agent and his agent with the connivance and consent of the said respondent No.
1 and his election agent are set out in Annexure D hereto annexed." (d) In
paragraph 3 of the verification at page 25 of the original, it has been stated,
inter alia, that the state- 824 ments made in. paragraph 3 of the election
petition are true to the petitioner's information, but in Exh. O' no verification
has been made with respect to the statements made in paragraph 3 of the
election petition, and instead verification has been made twice with respect to
the statements made in paragraph 2, once as true to the petitioner's, knowledge
and again as true to his information.
(e) In paragraph 3 of Annexure "B"
a list of 20 persons has been given, one of which is Shri Brindaban Swana,
M.L.A., in the original and Shri Brindaban Swansi, M.L.A. in Ext. O'.
(f) In Annexure C' relating to the
particulars of corrupt practice mentioned in paragraph 25 of the election
petition, it has been stated in the original that Shri Munshi Hansda, M.L.A.
had offered money and promised to pay money to Shri Jetha Kiski, M.L.A. for
casting his first preference vote in favour of respondent No. 1 at the M.L.A.
Flat on 19-3- 1968, but in Ext. O' mention has been made of the name of Paul
Hangda, M.L.A. as the alleged offerer of money to Shri Jethu Kisku, M.L.A.; and
(g) In Annexure C' again, the, original reads that the offer of money and
promise of payment of money was made to Shri Mahabir Paswan by respondent No. 1
and Shri Balwant Nath Singh, M.L.A. on 26-3-1968 but in Ext.O' this date has
been stated as 28-3-1968." Mr. M. C. Chagla, learned Counsel for the
appellant con- tended that s. 81(3) is merely directory and not mandatory.
We do not think it necessary to go into that
question, as in our opinion that provision has not even been substantially
complied with. The requirements of s. 81(3) have been laid down by this Court
in Murarka Radhey Shyam Ram Kumar v. Roop Singh Rathore and Ors.(1) In that
case this Court ruled that the word copy' in s. 81(3) of the Act did not mean
an absolutely exact copy but a copy so true that nobody could by any
possibility misunderstand it, and that the test whether a copy was a true one
was whether any variation from the original was calculated to mislead an
The same view was taken by this Court in Ch.
Subbarao v. Member, Election Tribunal, Hyderabad(2). In our opinion, it is not
necessary to refer to the discrepancies between the original petition and the
copy served excepting that referred to in cl. (f) of paragraph 15 of the trial
court's judgment. Admittedly Shri Munshi Hansda and Paul Hansda are members of
the Patna Legislative Assembly. In the election petition it was stated that (1)
 3 S. C. R.573.
(2) (1964) 6S. C. R. 213.
825 money was offered to Shri Jetha Kisku,
M.L.A. by Munshi Hansda but in Exh. O' it was stated that money was offered to
the said Jetha Kisku by Paul Hansda. This divergence was bound to mislead the
contesting respondents and prejudice, their defence. Pleadings in a case has
great importance and that is more so in election petitions particularly when
the returned candidate is charged with corrupt practice. He must know what the
charge against him is so that he may prepare his defence. If relying on the
allegations in the copy of the petition served on him that the money was paid
to Jetha Kisku through Paul Hansda, the 1st respondent had collected evidence to
show that allegation is false then the entire basis' of his defence would have
fallen to the, ground because at a later stage he had to meet a totally
different case. The law requires that a true copy of the election petition
should be served on the respondents. That requirement has not, been either
fully or substantially complied with. Therefore we have no doubt in our mind
that the election petition is liable to be dismissed under s. 8.6 of the Act.
Mr. Chagla tried to extricate his client from
the difficult position in which he had placed himself by urging that two copies
of the election petition had been served on the 1st respondent as required by
the rules of the Patna High Court, one through the court and another through
the 1st respondent has produced, only one of
it is not known whether the other copy was
also defective and therefore there is no ground to reject the election petition
at the very threshold. We are unable to entertain this contention. If it was
the case of the appellant that the 1st respondent was, not prejudiced by the
service of Exh: 'O', he should have got summoned the other copy said to have
been served on him. No such attempt appears to have been made. No explanation
was offered how several wrong statements came to be made in Exh. O'. There is
hardly any doubt that the relevant papers filed in court on behalf of the
appellant were prepared in a callous manner.
For the reasons mentioned above we agree with
the trial court that the petition is liable to be dismissed under s. 86 of the
Act. Hence this appeal is dismissed with costs.
R.K.P.S. Appeal dismissed.