Parasramka Commercial Company Vs.
Union of India  INSC 210 (29 August 1969)
29/08/1969 HIDAYATULLAH, M. (CJ)
HIDAYATULLAH, M. (CJ) RAY, A.N.
CITATION: 1970 AIR 1654 1970 SCR (2) 136 1969
SCC (2) 694
CITATOR INFO :
E 1972 SC1507 (15)
Arbitration Act (10 of 1940), s.
14(1)-'Notice in writing' of the making and signing of the award-Copy of signed
award sent to parties-If operates as such notice.
The disputes between the appellant and the
respondent, arising out of a contract between them, were referred to.
arbitration under the arbitration clause in
The award was made and signed on April 26,
1950. The arbitrator did not send any notice of the making and signing of the
award but sent a copy of the signed award to the appellant. The appellant
acknowledged receipt of the copy by two letters dated May 5, 1950 May 16, 1950.
On March 30, 1951, the appellant filed an application in the Subordinate
Judge's Court for passing a decree in terms of the award.
On the question whether the application was
out of time, because, under Art. 178 of the Indian Limitation Act, 1908, the
application had to be filed within 90 days of the date.
of service of the notice of the making of the
HELD: Under s. 14(1) of the Arbitration Act,
1940, when the arbitrators have given their award, they shall sign it and shall
give notice in writing to the. parties of the making and signing thereof and of
the amount of fees and charges payable in respect of the arbirtation and the
The notice need not be in the form of a
separate letter. It is sufficient, if it is in writing and intimates clearly
that the award has been made and signed. The non-mention of the amount of the
fees and charges payable in respect of the arbitration and award will not
affect the notice as it is not an essential part of it for the purpose of
In the present case, since the appellant had
sufficient notice that the award had been made and signed when a copy of the
award signed by the arbitrator was sent to the appellant, the application for
passing a decree in terms of the award was out of time. [138 B, F-G; 139' A,
CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION: Civil Appeal
No. 2532 of 1966.
Appeal by special leave from the judgment and
order dated August 8, 1963 of the Punjab High Court, Circuit Bench at Delhi in
Civil Revision No. 330-D of 1954.
B.P. Maheshwari and S.M. Jain, for the
V.A. Seyid Muhammad and S.P. Nayar, for the
The Judgment of the Court was delivered by
Hidayatullah, C.J. This is an appeal against a judgment and order of the
Circuit Bench of the Punjab High Court at Delhi 137 (Single Judge) in a matter
arising under the Arbitration Act. By ,m agreement dated April 28, 1948 the
appellant company entered into a contract with the Chief Director of Purchase
(Food) acting on behalf of the Government of India.
It is not necessary to give the details of
this contract, because the matter was referred to arbitration under an
arbitration clause included in the agreement between the parties. The award was
made and signed on April 26, 1950.
The Arbitrator awarded Rs. 17,080-2-9 with
costs in favour of the company. The Arbitrator, however, did not send a notice
as such of the making and signing of the award but sent a copy of the award
signed by him to the company. The company acknowledged the receipt of this copy
by two letters which are dated May 5 and May 16, 1950. It appears that in the
original which was retained in the office of the Arbitrator, it was stated that
there was a covering letter giving notice of the making of the award, but the
company denied that any such letter had been sent. However, nothing much turns
on it as we shall show presently.
After the copy of the award was received by
the company, it filed an application under s. 14(1) of the Arbitration Act in
the Court of the Subordinate Judge, Delhi on March 30, 1951 for making the
award ruIe of the court. It may be mentioned that on July 3, 1951, the
Arbitrator sent the original award to the court also. Before the Subordinate
Judge objection was taken by the Union of India that the application of the
company to the court was delayed since such an application under s. 14(1) of
the Arbitration Act under Art. 178 of the Indian Limitation Act had to be made
within 90 days of the receipt of the notice intimating that the award had been
made and signed. This objection prevailed with the Subordinate Judge who
rejected the application. A revision application was unsuccessfully made before
the High Court and it is the order on the revision application which is the
subject of appeal before us.
Originally the revision application went
before a learned Single Judge of the High Court. He referred the matter to a
Division Bench which in its turn referred the case for decision to a Full'
Bench. The Full Bench gave its opinion on November 17, 1961. Although the Full
Bench discussed the matter it did not reach any conclusion in the case, because
it felt that whether the application under s. 14(1) of the Arbitration Act had
been made within 90 days or not, was a question of fact which has to be decided
by the learned Single Judge, and as the learned Single Judge had not gone into
that question, the matter had to go back to him. When the case came before the
learned Single Judge, he took some evidence and examined the question in
detail. We upheld the Sup CI /70--1o 138 decision of the Subordinate Judge and
dismissed the revision application.
It has been argued before us by Mr. B.P.
Maheshwari that the judgment under appeal is erroneous, because s. 14(1) of the
Arbitration Act requires that there should be a notice in writing and that
notice had to be something besides the award of which a copy had been sent. He
has cited a number of rulings in support of his contention that a notice in
writing is incumbent before limitation under Art. 178 of the Limitation Act
which applies to Art. 14(1) petitions can start. In chief, he relies upon
Ratnawa v. Gurishiddappa Gurushantappa Magavi & Ors. ( 1 ), Puppalla Ramulu
v. Nagidi Appelaslwami & Ors.(2), Jagdish v. Sunder(3), Ganga Ram v. Radha
Kishan(4), Badaria Ramakrishnarnma & Ors. v. Vattikonda Lakshmibayamma
It is not necessary to go into the reasoning
which made the learned Judges in these cases to lay down that there must be a
proper notice in writing of the making of the award. That follows in fact from
the words of s. 14(1) of the Arbitration Act. That section says that when the arbitrators
or umpire have given their award, they shall sign it and shall give notice in
writing to the parties of the making and signing thereof and of the amount of
fees and charges payable in respect of the arbitration and award.
What will be considered a sufficient notice
in writing of the making and signing of the award is a question of fact.
In the cited cases emphasis sometimes has
been laid upon the latter part of the sub-section which speaks of the amount of
fees and charges payable in respect of the arbitration and award. Sometimes
emphasis has been placed upon the opening words namely that there should be a
notice in writing.
Reading the word 'notice' as we generally do,
it denotes merely an intimation to the party concerned of a particular fact. It
seems to us that we cannot limit the words "notice in writing" to
only a letter. Notice may take several forms. It must, to be sufficient, be in
writing and must intimate quite clearly that the award has been made and
signed. In the present case, a copy of the award signed by the arbitrator was
sent to the company. It appears to us that the company had sufficient notice
that the award had been made and signed. In fact the two letters of May 5 and
May 16 to which we have referred quite clearly show that the company knew full
well that the arbitrator had given the award, made it and signed it. In these
circumstances to insist upon a letter which perhaps was also cent (though there
is some doubt about it) is to refine the law (1) A.I.R. 1962 Mysore 135. (2)
A.I.R. 1957 A.P.
(3) I.L.R. 27 Pat. 86. (4) I.L.R. 
(5) I.L.R.  A.P. 166.
139 beyond the legitimate requirements. The
only omission was that there was no notice of the amount of the fees and
charges payable in respect of arbitration and award. But that was not an
essential part of the notice for the purpose of limitation. To emphasise the
latter part as being the essential part of the notice is to make the first part
depend upon the determination of the fees and charges and their inclusion in
the notice. A written notice clearly intimating the parties concerned that the
award had been made and signed, in our opinion certainly starts limitation.
In this view of the matter we are in
agreement with the decision of the learned Single Judge who has endorsed the
opinion of the Subordinate Judge that limitation began to run from the receipt
of the copy of the award which was signed by the Arbitrator and which gave due
notice to the party concerned that the award had been made and signed.
That is how the party itself understood when
it acknowledged the copy sent to it. Therefore, the application must be treated
as being out of time and the decision of the High Court to so treat it was
correct in all the circumstances of the case.
We, therefore, do not see any reason to
interfere in this appeal and it is dismissed. But we make it clear that the
other part of the case, namely what is to happen to the award sent by the
Arbitrator himself to the court has yet to be determined and what we say here
will not affect the determination of that question. Obviously enough that
matter arises under the second subsection of s. 14 and will have to be
considered quite apart from the application made by the company to have the
award made into rule of Court.
It was represented to us by Dr. Syed Mohammad
that objections had been taken to the validity of the award and they remain
still for decision. Those of course must fall to the ground with the
application which we have found to be out of time. As to whether similar
objections can be raised in answer to the award filed at the instance of the
arbitrator is a question which we cannot go into in the present appeal and no
expression of opinion must be attributed to us on that point. In the
circumstances of the case we leave the parties to bear their own costs.
V.P.S. Appeal dismissed.