National Conduits (P) Ltd. Vs. S. S.
Arora  INSC 198 (1 September 1967)
01/09/1967 SHAH, J.C.
CITATION: 1968 AIR 279 1968 SCR (1) 430
CITATOR INFO :
R 1983 SC1272 (22)
Companies Act, (1 of 1956) Ss. 433 and
439--Compulsory winding up--Petition admitted--Advertisement--If Court bound.
Companies (Court) Rules, 1959, rr. 9, 24(2)
In an appeal to this Court, the High Court's
view that on the admission of a petition under ss. 433 and 439 of the Companies
Act, 1956 for compulsory winding up of a company, the Court is bound forthwith
to advertise the petition, was challenged.
Held: A petition for winding up cannot be placed
for hearing before the Court, unless the petition is advertised: that is clear
from terms of r. 24(2) of the Companies (Court) Rules, 1959. But that is not to
say that as soon as the petition is admitted, it must be advertised. If the
petition is admitted, it is still open to the company to move the Court that in
the interest of justice or to prevent abuse of the process of Court, the
petition be not advertised. Such an application may be made where the Court has
issued notice under the last clause of r. 96, and even when there is an
unconditional admission of the petition for winding up. The power to entertain
such an application of the company is inherent in the Court and r. 9 iterates
that power. [432C-F] In re. A. Company (1894) 2 Ch. D. 349 applied.
Lord Krishna Sugar Mills Ltd., v. Smt. Abnash
(1961) Punj. 505 approved.
CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION: Civil Appeal
No. 1082 of 1967.
Appeal from the judgment and order dated
March 7, 1967 of the Delhi High Court in Company Appeal No. 3 of 1967.
A. N. Khanna and Harbans Singh, for the
P. C. Khanna and Maharaj Krishan Chawla, for
The Judgment of the Court was delivered by
Shah, J. The appellants private limited Company-is engaged in the manufacture
of electric conduit pipes. The respondent who is a director of the Company
presented a petition in the High Court of Delhi under ss. 433 and 439 of the Companies
Act, 1956, for an order for compulsory winding up of the Company. The
respondent claimed that it was "just and equitable" within the
meaning of s. 443(f) of the Companies Act, 1956, to make an order for
compulsory winding up, because one of the three factories of the Company had
been closed, that the accounts of the Company were not being shown to the
respondent, that no meeting of the Company had been held, no balance-sheet had
been prepared and a letter of resignation purported to be signed 430 431 by the
respondent had been forged. On July 18, 1966, Capoor, J., directed that notice
of the petition be issued to the appellant Company. The order has not been
formally drawn up, and it is not clear whether by that order it was intended to
call upon the Company to show cause why the petition should not be admitted, or
that by the order the petition was admitted and notice under r. 96 of the
Companies (Court) Rules, 1959 was issued.
The appellant Company filed its reply controverting
the allegations made by the respondent. The Company also filed an application
that the winding up petition filed by the respondent be taken off the file and
be dismissed and that the petition in the meantime be not advertised.H. R.
Khanna, J., held that the appropriate remedy of the respondent on the
allegations of mismanagement of the affairs of the Company and oppression of
the minority shareholders by the group of Anandi Lal was to file a petition
under ss. 397 and 398 of the Companies Act. The learned Judge further held that
the petition for winding up was instituted with a view "to unfairly
prejudice the interests of the shareholders of the Company", respondent
having set up a rival factory in the name of his son for manufacturing electric
conduit pipes. The learned Judge directed that the petition be not advertised
and be. dismissed.
In appeal against the order passed by H. R.
Khanna, J., the High Court of Delhi held that under the Companies (Court)
Rules, 1959, once a petition is admitted to the file, the Court is bound
forthwith to advertise the petition. The company challenges that order in this
Rule 96 of "The Companies (Court) Rules,
1959" framed by this Court provides :
"Upon the filing of the petition, it
shall be posted before the Judge in Chambers for admission of the petition and
fixing a date for the hearing thereof and for directions as to the
advertisement to be published and the persons, if any, upon whom copies of the
petition are to be served. The Judge may, if he thinks fit, direct notice to be
given to the company before giving directions as to the advertisement of the
petition." Rule 24 which relates to advertisement of petitions provides "(1)
Where any petition is required to be advertised, it shall, unless the Judge
otherwise orders, or these, Rules otherwise provide, be advertised not less
than fourteen days before the date fixed for hearing, in one issue of the
Official Gazette of the State or the Union Territory concerned, and in one
issue each of a daily newspaper in the English language and a daily newspaper
in the regional language circulating in the State or the Union Territory
concerned, as may be fixed by the Judge.
432 (2) Except in the case of a petition to
wind up a company, the Judge may, if he thinks fit, dispense with any
advertisement required by these Rules." When a petition is filed before
the High Court for winding up of .a company under the order of the Court, the
High Court (i) may issue notice to the Company to show cause why the petition
should not be admitted; (ii) may admit the petition and fix a date for hearing,
and issue a notice to the Company before giving directions about advertisement
of the petition; or (iii) may admit the petition, fix the date of hearing of
the petition, and order that the petition be advertised and direct that the
petition be served upon persons specified in the order. A petition for winding
up cannot be placed for hearing before the Court, unless the petition is
advertised that is clear from the terms of r. 24(2). But that is not to say
that as soon as the petition is admitted, it must be advertised. In answer to a
notice to show cause why a petition for winding up be not admitted, the Company
may show cause and contend that the filing of the petition amounts to an abuse
of the process of the Court. If the petition is admitted, it is still open to
the Company to move the Court that in the interest of justice or to prevent
abuse of the process of Court, the petition be not advertised. Such an
application may be made where the Court has issued notice under the last clause
of r. 96, and even when there is an unconditional admission of the petition for
winding up. The power to entertain such an application of the Company is
inherent in the Court, and r. Nothing in these Rules shall be deemed to limit
or otherwise affect the inherent powers of the Court to give such direction or
pass such orders as may necessary for the ends of justice to prevent abuse of the
process of the Court", iterates that power. In in re. A. Company(1) it was
held that if the petition is not presented in good faith and for the legitimate
purpose of obtaining a winding-up order, but for other purpose such as putting
pressure on the Company, the Court will restrain the advertisement of the
petition and stay all further proceedings -upon it. We may state that the High
Court of Punjab in Lord Krishna Sugar Mills Ltd. v. Smt. Abnash Kaur(2) was
right in ,observing that the Court in an appropriate case has the power to
.Suspend advertisement of a petition for winding up, pending disposal of an
application for revoking the order of admission of the petition, though we may
hasten to state that we cannot agree H.R. Khanna,, J., was apparently satisfied
that the petition was not a, bona fide petition and the respondent in
presenting (1) (1894) 2 Ch. D. 349.
(2) A.L.R. 1961 Punjab 505.
433 the petition was acting with ulterior
motive and his attempt to obtain an order for winding up was "unreasonable"
Before the High Court directed that the petition for winding up be advertised the
High Court was bound to consider whether the view expressed by H. R. Khanna,,
J., was right.
For reasons already set out, in our judgment,
the High Court erred in holding that a petition for winding up must be
advertised even before the application filed by the Company for staying the
proceeding for the ends of justice, or to prevent abuse of the process of the
Court. The view taken by the High Court that the Court must, as soon as the
petition is admitted, advertise the petition is contrary to the plain terms of
r. 96. Such a view, if accepted, would make the Court an instrument, in
possible cases, of harassment and even of blackmail, for once a petition is advertised,
the business of the Company is bound to suffer serious loss and injury.
The appeal is allowed. The High Court has
disposed of the appeal on a ground of procedure and has not considered whether
the view of H. R. Khanna, J., that in the exercise of the inherent power for
the ends of justice and for prevention of the abuse of the process of Court,
the petition should not be advertised, is correct. The case is therefore
remanded with the direction that the High Court do deal with and dispose of the
appeal according to law. There will be no order as to its costs in this Court.
The costs in the High Court will be costs in this appeal.
Y.P. Appeal allowed.