Sri La Sri Subramania Desiga
Gnanasambanda Pandara Sannadh Vs. State of Madras  INSC 23 (8 February
08/02/1965 SUBBARAO, K.
DAYAL, RAGHUBAR MUDHOLKAR, J.R.
CITATION: 1965 AIR 1683 1965 SCR (2) 934
Madras Hindu Religious & Charitable
Endowments Act (XIX of 1951) High Court framing scheme for administration of
temple providing for appointment of Executive Officer-Whether such appointment
can be made where mismanagement not provedwhether Commissioner's advice
decisive or court to decide on facts of each case.
By virtue of a scheme framed by the Madras
High Court in 1919, the administration of a temple was placed in the hands of
the Kattali Thambiran to be appointed by the appellant in his capacity as the
In June 1951, the Commissioner, Hindu
Religious and Charitable Endowments, Madras, filed a petition under s.
62(3)(a) of the Madras Hindu Religious and
Charitable Endowments Act, 1951, (Act No. XIX of 1951( in the court of the
Sub-Judge, for the modification of the 1919 scheme. The petition contained
various allegations of mismanagement and of the full income of the temple not
having been secured and safeguarded; this was stated to be attributable mainly
to defective machinery set up under the 1919 scheme and it was suggested that
an executive officer should be appointed to undertake the administration of the
The Subordinate Judge found that the
petitioner had not substantiated any of the allegations made against the
trustees and no case had been made out for amending the 1919 scheme so as to
provide for the appointment of an Executive Officer.
In appeal, although the respondent State did
not question the finding of the lower court that there was no proof of mismanagement,
the High Court modified the scheme by introducing the suggested provision for
the appointment of an Executive Officer and by providing for the appointment of
additional trustees, if necessary.
It was contended on behalf of the appellant
that the High Court, having agreed with the Subordinate Judge that the
Commissioner had failed to establish any of the charges levelled by him against
the Trustee, erred in modifying the 1919 scheme as above. On the other hand, it
was urged by the State that under the Act a scheme for administration of a
temple could be framed or an earlier scheme amended not only when there was
mismanagement by the Trustee, but also so as to provide for a better
administration of the temple.
Furthermore the Commissioner was empowered to
frame a scheme if he considered this desirable for the proper administration of
a religious institution and his opinion in this regard must be given decisive
weight by the court when amending a scheme. In the present case, in view of the
fact that the temple owned extensive immovable properties, some of which were
required to be sold, and there were many other complicated problems connected
with the administration of the temple requiring attention, it was necessary to
appoint a trained Executive Officer in the best interest of the temple 935
HELD: (i) A consideration of the scheme of
the Act showed there was no justification for the contention that a court
should accept without scrutiny the view of the Deputy Commissioner that the
scheme required modification in the manner suggested by him and that the formal
imprimaturs of the court was all that was contemplated by the Act. While a
court should have due regard to the views of the Commissioner who is in close
touch with the administration of temples, it could not be held that the court
was relieved of its duty of ascertaining the necessity for framing a scheme or
to consider the propriety or advisability of the various clauses of a scheme.
In framing a scheme the Deputy Commissioner and in a suit or application for
amendment of a scheme the Court, will mould the relief under s. 58(2) having
regard to the circumstances of each case. [939 H-940 A-C] (ii) The Deputy
Commissioner, the Commissioner, or the Court, as the case may be, is not bound,
in framing a scheme, to appoint an executive officer in every case; a case must
be made out for such appointment. [940 G] (iii) In the present case the
proposed executive officer would have the entire administration of the temple
with hardly any power left to the trustee. Such a drastic provision might be
necessary where the temple was mismanaged or there were other compelling
circumstances requiring such an appointment. But in view of the concurrent
finding of fact that the Commissioner had failed to establish and of the
charges against the trustee, it could not be held that a case had been made out
for the appointment of an Executive Officer to practically displace the
trustee. Furthermore, there was no material before the court to ascertain the
complicated nature of the problems of administration requiring the attention of
an executive officer, and in any event the Commissioner bad ample powers under
the Act to issue orders or give appropriate advice to the trustee. [944 E-G;
945 A-B] (iv) The proposed provision in the scheme only conferred a power to
appoint additional trustees and did not direct their appointment in present or
even in future; such a power was also available to the Commissioner under s. 39
and the appellant was not therefore in any way prejudiced by this provision.
[945 E-F] (v) Although the Commissioner was given wider powers in respect of
the appointment of an Executive Officer under the Madras Act XXII of 1959, as
the suit in the present case was filed in 1951 i.e. before the coming into
force of that Act, the appeal had to be decided on the basis of circumstances
prevailing in 1951. [945 H]
CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION: Civil Appeal
No. 272 of 1963.
Appeal from the judgment and decree dated
February 7, 1958 of the Madras High Court in Appeal Suit No. 318 of 1954.
A. V. Viswanatha Sastri and Naunit Lal, for
A. Ranqanatham Chetty, A. Vedavalli and A V.
Rangam, for the respondent.
The Judgment of the Court was delivered by
Subba Rao, J. Sri Vaidyanathaswami Temple at VaitheeswaSirkali Taluk, Thanjavur
District, Madras State, is an 936 ancient and famous Siva temple. It owns a
large extent of immovable property and it is said that its annual income is
more than Rs. 2 lakhs. In 1842 the British Government, which was then
administering the temple, handed over its management to the Pandarasannadhi of
Since then the said Pandarasannadhi has been
managing the same through one of his selected disciples, a Kattalai Thambiran.
In the year 1919, the High Court of Madras framed a scheme for the
administration of the said temple in A.S. No. 181 of 1917. The said scheme
provided, among others, that the administration of the temple should be in the
hands of the Kattalai Thambiran appointed by the Pandarasannadhi, and that he should
be assisted by a treasurer, a shroff and an auctioneer who was to be appointed
once in 3 years by the Court. The Madras Legislature passed Act 11 of 1927
providing for the good administration of temples and their endowments. The
Religious Endowments Board functioning under the said Act, presumably because
the administration of the temple in question was satisfactory, did not take any
steps to have the scheme framed by the High Court in 1919 modified under the
said Act. That Act was substituted by The Madras Hindu Religious and Charitable
Endowments Act, 1951 (Act No. XIX of 1951), hereinafter called the Act. On June
16, 1951, the Commissioner, Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments, Madras,
filed a petition in the Court of the Subordinate Judge, Mayuram, under S.
62(3a) of the Act for modifying the scheme framed by the High Court. In the
petition the Commissioner, after alleging various acts of commission and
omission by the Trustee and his subordinates in the management of the temple
and pointing out the defects in the earlier scheme, averred that the full
income of the Devasthanam had not been secured and safeguarded and that was
attributable mainly to the defective machinery set up under the scheme for the
administration of the temple. The most important of the modifications suggested
to the scheme was that an Executive Officer should be appointed in the place of
the Kattalai Thambiran and the Treasurer, conferring large powers on him for
the day-to-day administration of the temple. The Pandarasannadhi filed a
counter-affidavit denying all the allegations made against the management of
the temple and asserting that he had functioned in terms of the scheme and had
piloted the temple through difficult times successfully. The learned
Subordinate Judge, after considering the entire material placed before him,
came to the conclusion that the petitioner had not substantiated any of the
allegations made against the Trustee and that no case bad been made out for
amending the scheme and for the appointment of an Executive Officer. In the
result he dismissed the petition. The State of Madras, represented by the
Commissioner of Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments, Madras, preferred an
appeal against the said order to the High Court of Madras. The said appeal came
up before a Division Bench of the High Court. In the High Court the learned
Government pleader appearing for the State did not question the correctness of
the finding given by the learned Subordinate Judge that there was no proof of
mismanagement of any kind by the Pandarasannadhi or the Kattalai Thambiran. The
learned Counsel for the Pandarasannadhi had no objection for making formal
amendments to the scheme, which became necessary due to lapse of time and due
to the passing of the Act. After hearing the parties, the High Court modified
the scheme introducing the controversial provision, viz., the appointment of an
In the result, the order of the Subordinate
Judge was set aside and the scheme made by the High Court in 1919 was modified.
This appeal has been filed, on a certificate issued by the High Court, against
the said decree of the High Court.
Mr. A. V. Viswanatha Sastry, learned counsel
for the appellant, contends that the High Court, having agreed with the
Subordinate Judge that the Commissioner had failed to establish any of the
charges levelled by him against the Trustee, erred in modifying the scheme
framed by the High Court in the year 1919 introducing drastic changes therein,
such as putting the management of the temple under an Executive Officer who
could be appointed and removed only by the Hindu Religious and Charitable
Endowments Board and also making a provision for the appointment of additional
Trustees in future. He has no objection to that part of the scheme introducing
formal changes in the earlier scheme so as to bring it in conformity with the
provisions of the Act.
The arguments of Mr. A. Ranganadham Chetty,
learned counsel for the State, may be stated thus : Under the Act a scheme for
the administration of a temple may be framed or an earlier scheme may be
amended not only when there is mismanagement by the Trustee but also for
providing for a better administration of the temple; in the present case,
though there is no mismanagement by the Trustee, the extensive immovable
properties the temple owns, the existence of large arrears of rents, settlement
of disputes that may arise between the tenants and the Trustee under the new
tenancy laws and such others call for the appointment of a trained Executive Officer
by the Commissioner in the best interests of the 938 Temple. That apart, as
under the Act the Commissioner is empowered to frame a scheme if he has reason
to believe that in the interests of the proper administration of a religious
institution a scheme should be settled for the same, his opinion must be given
almost a decisive weight by a Court in the matter of amending a scheme.
To appreciate the contentions of the parties
it will be convenient at the outset to notice briefly the scheme of the Act. The
Act was passed to provide for the proper administration and governance of Hindu
Religious and Charitable Endowments and institutions in the State of Madras. It
provides for the appointment of 4 classes of authorities, namely, Commissioner,
Deputy Commissioners, Assistant Commissioners and Area Committees. The
Commissioner is the highest authority in the hierarchy.
Subject to the provisions of the Act, the
administration of all religious endowments shall be subject to the general
superintendence and control of the Commissioner and for the purpose of such
control he can pass any orders which he may deem necessary to ensure that such
endowments are properly administered and that their incomes are duly
appropriated for the purposes for which they were founded or exist.
Specific duties have been allotted to the
other authorities subject to the overall control of the Commissioner. There are
many effective provisions in the Act to ensure proper administration of
temples. Trustees have to keep registers for all institutions for the scrutiny
of the appropriate authority. They have to furnish accounts and the accounts
have to be audited in the manner prescribed in the Act. The Trustees cannot
alienate immovable properties or lease the same beyond 5 years without the
sanction of the appropriate authority. They have to obey all lawful orders of
the appropriate authorities. The service conditions of the office-holders are
duly protected. The scales of expenditure have been standardized and a
provision is made fixing the fees for archana and the apportionment of the
same. The Trustees have to prepare budgets and get their accounts audited.
There are provisions even for ordering surcharge against Trustees. All the
temples, whether governed by schemes or not, are subject to the said provisions
of the Act. Thus, there is a fair amount of financial and administrative
control over the Trustees.
The general provisions of the Act may be
sufficient in the case of temples which are properly administered; but there
may be a temple without any scheme of administration or even if it has one, it
may require to be improved to achieve better results. Section 58 enables a
Deputy Commissioner to settle a scheme for an institution 939 if he has reason
to believe that in the interests of better administration thereof a scheme
should be settled for it.
His order framing a scheme is subject to
appeal to the Commissioner. Under s. 62 of the Act a party aggrieved by the
order can file a suit in a Court questioning the correctness of the same and
against the order of that Court an appeal lies to the High Court. Under s. 103
(d) of the Act, "all schemes settled or modified by a Court of law under
the said Act (The Madras Hindu Religious Endowments Act, 1926) or under section
92 of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, shall be deemed to have been settled
or modified by the Court under this Act and shall have effect
accordingly." Under s. 62 (3) of the Act, any scheme modified by a Court
under s. 62 (2) of the Act or any scheme framed or any scheme deemed under s.
103 (d) to have been settled or modified by a Court can at any time be modified
or cancelled by a Court on an application made to it by the Commissioner or a
Trustee or any person having interest. Any party aggrieved by any order of the
Court under cl. (a) of s. 62(3) may within 90 days of the order appeal to the
High Court. The effect of these provisions is that though the Deputy
Commissioner settles a scheme at the first instance, an aggrieved party can
finally go to a civil Court to have the scheme modified. So too, a scheme
framed by a Court under s. 92 of the Code of Civil Procedure can be modified on
an application made to a Court by the Commissioner, Trustee or any person
having interest. Before the Act, there was a conflict whether the scheme framed
by a Court under s. 92 of the Code of Civil Procedure could be modified on an
application made by an aggrieved party and that conflict is resolved under the
Act by an express provision that it can be so done. Where a temple is so badly
mismanaged that the administration cannot be improved by the exercise of
ordinary powers under the Act or by framing a scheme, the Commissioner is given
the power to notify such a temple and put it under the direct control of an
Executive Officer directly responsible to him. This is in the nature of
supersession of the ordinary administration of a temple. It is, therefore,
clear that under the Act the administration of all temples is subject to the
exercise of the powers conferred upon the authorities there under. The Deputy
Commissioner can settle a scheme for the proper administration of a temple. If
the administration of a temple is very bad, it can be superseded and the temple
notified for a prescribed period. From the scheme of the said provisions we do
not see any justification for the argument of the learned counsel for the State
that the Court shall accept without scrutiny the view of the Deputy
Commissioner that the scheme requires modification in the manner suggested by
940 him and that the formal imprimaturs by the Court is all that is
contemplated there under. While we appreciate the argument that a Court shall
have due regard to the views of the Commissioner or the Deputy Commissioner, as
the case may be, who is in close touch with the administration of temples, we
cannot persuade ourselves to hold that the Court is relieved of its duty of
ascertaining the necessity for framing a scheme or to find out the propriety or
advisability of the various clauses of a scheme. In framing a scheme, the
Deputy Commissioner and, in a suit or application for amendment of a scheme,
the Court will mould the relief under s. 58(2) of the Act having regard to the
circumstances of each case. Section 58 (2) of the Act reads :
"A scheme settled under sub-section (1)
for a temple or for a specific endowment other than one attached to a math may
contain provision for(a) removing any existing trustee, whether hereditary or
(b) appointing a new trustee or trustees in
the place of or in addition to any existing trustee or trustees;
(c) defining the powers and duties of the
trustee or trustees;
(d) appointing, or directing the appointment
of, a paid executive officer who shall be a person professing the Hindu
religion, on such salary and allowances as may be fixed, to be paid out of the
funds of the institution; and defining the powers and duties of such officer
The Deputy Commissioner, the Commissioner or the Court, as the case may be, is
not bound, in framing a scheme, to appoint an Executive Officer in every case;
but a case will have to be made out for appointing him : that depends upon the
facts established in each case.
With this background let us look at the
scheme framed by the High Court. The scheme is made a part of the judgment of
the High Court. The clauses of the scheme read thus :
1. The temple of Sri Vaithianathaswami at
Vaitheeswarankoil, Shiyali Taluk, and the shrines and minor temples attached
thereto, and charities and endowments thereof, together comprise the
"Velur Devasthanam", 941 and it shall be governed by the provisions
of Act XIX of 1951 and the rules made thereunder.
2. The properties, movables and immovables,
belonging to be Devasthanam and that may hereafter be acquired by the
Devasthanam shall vest in the deity of Sri Vaithianathaswami.
3. The administration of the Devasthanam and
its properties shall vest in the Pandarasannadhi at the Dharmapuram Adhinam for
the time being, who shall be the "trustee" of the Devasthanam.
4. On the application of the Commissioner,
the Court shall have the power to add two additional trustees if at some future
time it is found that it is necessary to do so in the interest of the
Devasthanam on account of the mismanagement by the Pandarasannadhi, the
5. All the affairs of the Devasthanam, such
as the receipt of income, incurring of expenditure, management of the property,
the performance of the worship and the festivals of the temple, bringing and
defending suits on behalf of the Devasthanam, shall be conducted by the
Executive Officer under the supervision of the trustee, the mamool religious
functions of the Kattalai Thambiran being reserved.
6. The Trustee shall in April every year
prepare a budget of the income and expenditure and such budget will be governed
by the provisions of Madras Act XIX of 1951. The Trustee shall be given a
discretion to spend any amount not exceeding Rs. 2,000/(Rupees two thousand)
every year in addition to the budgeted expenditure.
7. (a) The Trustee shall from out of the five
names sent to him by the Commissioner choose one of them for appointment as the
Executive Officer of the Devasthanam and such person shall be appointed by the
Commissioner as Executive Officer and shall be in management of the Devasthanam
and its properties in the day-to-day administration including the maintenance
of accounts, keeping of records, making collections and' disbursements, and
shall have the control of the temple servants.
942 (b) The Executive Officer shall be a
first class Executive Officer, and shall be paid such salary and employed on
such terms as the Commissioner may from time to time prescribe and his powers
and duties shall be regulated by Madras Act XIX of 1951 and the rules framed
8. The Pandarasannadhi shall select from
among the Thambirans of the Dharmapuram Adhinam a Kattalai Thambiran competent
to do the religious functions of the Trustee. The Pandarasannadhi will be
responsible for all acts of the Kattalai Thambiran as a master for the acts of
9. The Kattalai Thambiran shall attend to the
performance in proper manner and in proper times of the daily pujas and worship
and of the monthly and yearly festivals of the Devasthanam under the
supervision and direction of the Executive Officer.
10. (a) The matam building belonging to the
Devasthanam in Vaitheeswarankoil shall be set apart for the residence of
Kattalai Thambiran, and a sum of Rs. 501a month shall be paid to him for his
maintenance and personal expenses.
He will also be entitled to the enjoyment of
one veli of maniam land, as in the pre-scheme days.
(b) The present treasurer and shroff will
continue in office on the present scale of pay, and they shall work under the
directions of the Executive Officer and shall do such work as is assigned to
them. The future treasurer and shroff will be appointed by the Commissioner.
The old scale of salary of the treasurer is reduced to the present scale of Rs.
11. The Executive Officer shall, with the
permission of the Commissioner, sell in public auction the jewels and ornaments
gold and silver coins not in circulation and other metallic objects in the
hundials except current coins and any other offerings.
12. The Trustee shall place one or more
hundials, as occasions might require, for the deposit of voluntary and
compulsory offerings by the worshipers. Each hundial shall be of copper brass
or any other materials, and shall have metalic covering with an aperture. Each
of such hundials shall be under double lock and 943 sealed by the Trustee and
the Executive Officer. One set of keys shall be with the Executive Officer and
other set with the Trustee. The hundials shall be opened every day or at such
intervals as the Trustee may direct in the presence of the Executive Officer
and the Kattalai Thambiran and the worshippers of the temple and the
collections shall be kept by the Executive Officer.
13. In the matter of accounts, preparing
abstracts, and receipts and disbursement of the Devasthanam as also of
preparation, publication and audit of accounts, the Executive Officer and the
Trustee shall observe the procedure prescribed in Madras Act XIX of 1951 and
the rules made thereunder.
14. The accounts of the Devasthanam shall be
open to inspection by any person having interest, on his giving one day's
previous notice to the Executive Officer and paying a fee of Rs. 51for each day
or part of a day in advance of such inspection. The person so inspecting may
bring to the notice of the Commissioner any irregularity and the Commissioner
may pass such orders as he may think necessary.
15. All the records of the Devasthanam shall
be kept in proper order in the premises of the Devasthanam provided for the
purpose in Vaitheeswarankoil, and an accurate list of all records should be
maintained. There shall be a record-keeper who shall be in charge of all the
records and he shall not allow any record to be taken out without the written
authority of the Executive Officer and without getting proper vouchers.
16. Power is reserved to the Trustee to apply
to the Commissioner for permission to use the surplus funds on such religious
and charitable and other purposes as may tend to promote the cause of the
institution such as an Agama Patasala or Thevara Patasala or Adhyayana
Patasala/or such other purposes as are prescribed by the Act.
17. The Trustee shall have the discretion to
make jewels, vahanams, etc., or to do thiruppani work for the Devasthanam out
of the surplus income of each year after obtaining the sanction of the
Commissioner and in accordance with the provisions of Act XIX of 1951, and the
rules made thereunder. The Trustee shall have 944 a discretion to spend Rs.
2,000/annually over and above the sanctioned amount if necessary and if funds
18. The Trustee may with the sanction of the
Commissioner invest the surplus funds of the Devasthanam in such manner as is
prescribed under Madras Act XIX of 1951 and the rules made thereunder.
19. There shall be no money dealing or
transactions between the Devasthanam Trustee and the Adhinam or any of the
Kattalai charities or trusts managed by the Pandarasannadhi of Dharmapuram or
any person under his orders.
20. Save as expressly provided herein, the
administration of the temple shall be governed by the provisions of the Madras
Act XIX of 1951 and the rules made there under.
It will be seen from the aforesaid provisions
of the scheme that it introduces an Executive Officer to be appointed by the
Commissioner and removable by him; his salary is fixed by the Commissioner and
his powers and duties are regulated by the Act and the rules framed thereunder.
In substance, he is a servant of the Commissioner and is under his control. He
is to be in charge of the entire administration of the temple. Nothing can be
done in the temple without his permission. It is true that he functions under the
supervision of the Trustee; but there is an essential distinction between
supervision and management. If the Executive Officer disobeys him the
Pandarasannadbi cannot do anything, except perhaps to complain to the
Such a drastic provision may be necessary in
a case where the temple is mismanaged or if there are other circumstances which
compel such an appointment. But there is concurrent finding of fact in this
case that the Commissioner has failed to establish any of the charges levelled by
him against the Trustee. It is not, therefore, possible to hold that any case
has been made out for the appointment of an Executive Officer who practically
displaces the Trustee.
Mr. A. Ranganadham Chetty says that the
appointment of the Executive Officer is necessary in view of the great things
which have to be done in the temple, like sale of 3,000 acres of land to the
tenants under the new legislation at agreed prices, checking cash collections,
including the hundial collections, doing away with the ad hoc auctioneers
appointed by the Commissioner 945 from time to time, and for auctioning leases,
and all kinds of properties like jewellery, lands, etc. We have no material
before us to find out what is the complicated and difficult action the Trustee has
to take in the matter of selling 3,000 acres of land to the tenants under the
new legislation at agreed prices. If there is any such difficulty, the
Commissioner has ample powers under the Act to issue orders or at any rate
advice the Trustee in the matter of disposal of such lands. Other difficulties
are not such as to necessitate the appointment of an Executive Officer
practically displacing the Trustee. Further it appears from the record that the
present Kattalai Thambiran is a legally qualified person and he can ordinarily
be expected to look after these things with appropriate expert advice. We do
not think any case has been made out for the appointment of the Executive
The next objection raised by Mr. Viswanatha
Sastry relates to cl. (4) of the scheme, which reads "On the application
of the Commissioner, the Court shall have the power to add two additional
trustees if at some future time it is found that it is necessary to do so in
the interest of the Devasthanam on account of the mismanagement by the
Pandarasannadhi, the Trustee." Clause 4 of the scheme only confers a power
and it does not direct the appointment of additional trustees in presenti or
even in future. Indeed, s. 39 of the Act was amended in 1954 where under such a
power is conferred even on the Commissioner. We do not think the appellant is
in any way prejudiced by the said clause. Therefore, it may stand. As we are
deleting the clause appointing the Executive Officer, there will be,
consequential amendments in the various clauses of the scheme framed by the
It is brought to our notice that in 1959 the
Madras Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Act (Act XXII of 1959) was
passed by the Madras Legislature. Under s. 45 thereof, the Commissioner is
given a plenary power to appoint an Executive Officer to any temple and,
therefore, it is argued, this Court shall not interfere with the clause of the
scheme providing for the appointment of an Executive Officer to the temple in
question. The said Act was passed subsequent to the filing of the suit. We are
deciding this appeal on the basis of the circumstances obtaining in the year
1951 when the suit was filed. It may be 946 that under the new Act the
Commissioner has higher powers than he had under the 1951 Act and subsequent
events may call for the exercise of those powers. Our judgment will not
preclude the Commissioner to take any action under the new Act as the
circumstances demand. With these observations we shall proceed to modify the
scheme framed by the High Court.
In the scheme framed by the High Court,
clauses 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 10(a), 16, 17, 18, 19 and 20 will be retained; clause 7
will be deleted; and the other clause will be amended as under Clause 5. The
words "the Executive Officer under the supervision of' will be omitted.
Clause 8. The word "religious" will
Clause 9. The words "under the
supervision and direction of the Executive Officer" will be omitted.
Clause 10(b) shall read :
The treasurer and shroff will continue in
office on the present scale of pay, and they shall work. under the directions
of the Trustees.
Clause 11. The words "Executive
Officer" shall be replaced by the word "Trustee".
Clause 12 shall read :
The Trustee shall place one or more hundials,
as occasions might require, for the deposit of voluntary and compulsory
offerings by the worshippers. Each hundial shall be of copper brass or any
other materials, and shall have metallic covering with an aperture. Each of
such hundials shall be under double lock and sealed by the Trustee or his
nominee and the Kattalai Thambiran. One set of keys shall be with the Kattalai
Thambiran and the other set with the Trustee or his nominee. The hundials shall
be opened every day or at such intervals as the Trustee may direct in the
presence of the Kattalai Thambiran and the worshippers of the temple and the
collections shall be kept by the Trustee.
Clause 13. The words "Executive
Officer" will be substituted by the words "Kattalai Thambiran".
947 Clause 14. The words "Executive
Officer" will be substituted by the words "Kattalai Thambiran".
Clause 15. The words "Executive
Officer" will be substituted by the words "Kattalai Thambiran".
In the result, the decree of the High Court
is modified as. aforesaid. The parties will their respective costs throughout.