City of Nagpur Corporation Vs. John
Servage Phillip & ANR  INSC 339 (29 November 1962)
CITATION: 1963 AIR 897 1963 SCR Supl. (2) 600
Corporation-Power, of sending
delegation--Jurisdiction of civil court-Power of corporation to provide for
expenses of delegation-The city of Nagpur Corporation Act, 1948, (C.P. and
Berar 11 of 1950), ss. 58 (s), 88.
The appellant Corporation passed a resolution
deciding to send two of its members to a health conference at Harrogate in U.K.
On the application of the respondent, the High Court of Bombay issued a write
restraining the appellant from carrying out the resolution.
Held, that s. 58 (s) of the Nagpur
Corporation Act, 1948, which gave power to the appellant Corporation to provide
for any matter likely to promote public health authorised the resolution and it
was for the appellant Corporation to decide how a thing which it had the power
to do was to be done. It was not a case where it could be said that the
delegation would have been of no benefit to the appellant Corporation at all
and that was enough to prevent an interference by the Courts in the method of
the exercise of its undoubted power by the appellant Corporation.
Mayor etc. of Westminster v. London &
North Western Railway Company, [1905 A.C, 426] relied upon.
601 The resolution could not be challenged on
the ground that the budget did not provide for the expenses of the delegation.
The budget in fact did so and even if it did not, there was power tinder s. 88
of the Act to alter the budget to make the necessary provision.
Statutes cannot be confined only to thoughts
prevalent at the time when they are enacted. They are put in general terms to
embrace innovations. Even if in 1948 delegation by Corporation were not in
contemplation, s. 58 (s) may be interpreted as including in "matters
likely to promote a public health", the sending of the delegations.
CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION : Civil Appeal
No. 508 of 1960.
Appeal by special leave from the judgment and
order dated April 23, 1959 of the Bombay High Court at Nagpur in Special Civil
Application No. 110 of 1959.
S.T. Desai, J.B. Dadachanji, O.C. Mathur and
Ravinder Narain, for the appellant.
W. S. Barlingay, R. Mahalingier and Ganpat
Rai, for respondent No. 1.
M. S. K. Sastri and R. N. Sachthey, for
respondent No. 2.
1962. November 29. The judgment of the Court
was delivered by SARKAR, J.-This appeal is against an order of the High Court
of Bombay issuing a writ whereby the Municipal Corporation.
of Nagpur, the appellant before us, was
restrained from carrying out a resolution proposing to send two of its members
as delegates to a Health Congress at Harrogate in U.K. and sanctioning certain
expenses in connection with the delegation.
There is no doubt that if what a Corporation
proposes to do is what it had been authorised by its incorporating statute to
do, it is not the business of 602 a court to interfere with the mode in which
the Corporation decides to act : see Mayor, etc. of Westminster v. London and
North Western Railway Company (1). If, therefore, the appellant Corporation had
power under its incorporating statute, the City of Nagpur Corporation Act,
1948, to send delegates to the Congress at Harrogate, it would appear prima
facie that writ was erroneously issued by the High Court. Now, s. 58 (s) of the
Act provides, "The Corporation may in its discretion provides from time to
time either wholly or partly for all or any of the following matters, namely :(s)
any other matter likely to promote the public health, safety and convenience of
the public." The question is whether the action of the appellant
Corporation is within this section.
It appears that the convenors of the Congress
at Harrogate had sent an invitation to the appellant Corporation to send
delegates to the Congress. The following facts appear from the invitation:
delegates representing all aspects of public health would discuss at the
Congress subjects of common interest ; there would be a health exhibition where
latest equipment and products of leading manufacturers and trade and research
organisations would be put on show; and the delegates might visit water supply
undertaking, sewage disposal works, housing schemes, hospitals, health service
contres, food factories and canteens and similar organisations. We think it
beyond question that a delegate attending the congress Would certainly (1)
 A.C. 426.
603 have acquired much useful knowledge of
matters concerning public health and become acquainted with the modern
equipment and appliances used in, and organisations suited for and the latest
trend of thoughts regarding matters concerning public health. appears to us
plain that by sending delegates to the Congress, the appellant Corporation
would have acquired' useful knowledge connected with public health which it
could utilise later to promote public health at Nagpur. The sending of
delegates, therefore, was something which the appellant Corporation was authorised
by section 58 (s) of its incorporating statute to do.
As we understand the judgment of the High
Court, it does not seem to have felt much doubt about this. The High Court
appears, however, to have taken the view that there was no reasonable and
legitimate connection between the sending of the delegates to the Congress and
the promotion of public health at Nagpur. It is somewhat difficult to
appreciate the High Court's point of view. In the first place, the High Court
seems to have been sceptical of the benefit to be derived from the delegation
because the subjects to be discussed at the Congress were, in its opinion,
highly technical and the delegates proposed to be sent being nontechnical men,
namely, lawyers, were not likely to be in a position to follow the discussion.
We have no reason to think that the subjects to be discussed at the Congress
were highly technical. That it would not have been so, appears to us clear from
the fact that a very large gathering was expected at the Congress,, over 2,600
having attended at the previous one. There is further no reason to think that
the delegates proposed to be sent by the appellant Corporation would not have
been able to acquire at the Congress a great deal of useful general knowledge
regarding matters of public health. Lastly, it is not for this Court to decide
how the delegation 604 should have been constituted so that the appellant
Corporation might have had the largest benefit from it. It was for the
Corporation to decide how the thing which it had the power to do was to be
done. It was not a case where it could be said that the delegation proposed to
be sent would have been of benefit to the appellant Corporation at all, and
that is enough to prevent an interference by the courts in the method of the exercise
of its undoubted power by the appellant Corporation. We are unable to agree
with the view of the High Court that there is no reasonable or legitimate
connection between the sending of the delegation to the Congress and the
provisions of s. 58 (s) which we have earlier set out.
The High Court also said that the capacity of
the appellant Corporation to make use of the knowledge gained at the Congress
was extremely limited. There arc no materials on the record on which this
observation can be justified. The appellant Corporation can no doubt increase
In any event, it would, after the delegation
had returned, have been in a better position to discharge its functions
concerning public health within its present capacity. It would be absurd to say
that the appellant Corporation did not have the capacity to improve its public
There was no warrant to issue the writ on the
ground of want of capacity.
The High Court also relied on certain
sections dealing with the budget. It was said that there was no provision in
the budget for expenses of sending a delegation abroad. Under s. 84 of the
incorporating statute, no payment can be made out of the municipal funds unless
the expenditure is covered by the budget. The High Court, therefore, observed
that the resolution sanctioning expenses for the sending of the delegation
abroad was beyond the powers of the appellant Corporation. In the first place,
we are pot 605 sure that the budget did not provide for such expenses.
There was a head in it which dealt with
allowances payable to the members of the Corporation. It may reasonably be
contended that the expenses of the members for the visit to the Congress are
such allowances. But assume, they are not.
Section 88 of the Act gives the Corporation
power to transfer the amount of one budget grant from one major head to another
provided however a certain balance is maintained in the budget. There is
nothing to show that the appellant Corporation could not have acted in this
case under s. 88 and altered the provisions of the budget making express
provision for the expenses of the delegation. It was not even suggested that
the appellant Corporation could not do so.
We think it right also to point out that in
the petition for the writ it had not been said that the resolution was bad
because the expenses sanctioned by it were outside the budget. That being so,
this point should not have been taken into consideration by the High Court. It
is true that the Corporation at the request of the High Court placed before the
High Court some of the papers in connection with the budget. That the
Corporation out of respect to the High Court should have-done and, therefore,
actually did. From this it cannot be contended that the appellant Corporation
never objected to the resolution being challenged on the ground of a want of
express provision in the budget for the expenses of the delegation or would not
have prejudiced in the hearing of the petition if the resolution was attacked
on the ground of want of a provision in the budget. This challenge involved a
question of fact and without proper pleadings, the' appellant Corporation was
surely at a disadvantage in meeting it. Furthermore, we are not sure that s. 84
would have made the resolution invalid. That section only prohibits an
expenditure for which the budget does not provide.
606 So it may be that all that s.84 affects, is
the actual expenditure. It may not affect the resolution itself.
We think it rights to point out that the high
Court held that the appellant Corporation had acted honestly. It observed that
the circumstances did not warrant the inference that the action of the
Corporation was mala fide.
That being so, and the action proposed being
clearly within the statutory powers of the appellant Corporation, we think that
the High Court was in error in issuing the writ.
We may now notice one or two points of minor
importance argued at the bar on behalf of the respondents. It was said' that
the question raised in-this appeal had become academic since the Congress was
long over. It may be stated that the Congress was held from April 27, to May 1,
1959 and the writ was issued by the High Court on April 23, 1959. It is
suggested that it is not, therefore, a fit case for decision in an appeal under
Art. 136 of the Constitution. We are not at all impressed by this contention.
It seems to us that it is a matter of the utmost importance for the appellant
Corporation to know its rights under its incorporating statute. It will have to
guide itself according to our decision in future when a similar point arises
again. If we do not decide the point raised now, then on every subsequent
occasion the Corporation would be bound by' the judgment of the High Court
under appeal and by the time the matter is brought up here the same argument
that the question has become academic can always be raised to defeat the point.
We think that the point raised by the appellant Corporation as to its powers
under the statute and how far courts can review the exercise of its power by the
appellant Corporation is of great importance and must he decided in this
It is also said that in 1948 when the City of
607 Nagpur Corporation Act was passed, these delegations were not in
contemplation. Therefore, s. 58 (s) cannot be interpreted as including
promotion of public health by sending of delegations. This is, in our view, a
completely idle contention. We have no reason to think that the delegations
were not sent in 1948. In any case, statutes cannot be confined only to
thoughts prevalent at the time when they were enacted. They are put in general
words to embrace innovations as they come along. Therefore, even if in 1948,
delegations by Corporations were not in contemplation, there is nothing to
prevent us interpreting s. 58 (s) as including within matters likely to promote
public health, actions involving the sending of delegations where promotion of
public health becomes likely as a result thereof.
We allow the appeal. In view of the order of
October 19, 1959, the appellant will pay the costs of the respondent Phillip.