M/S. Chhotabhai Jethabhai Patel &
Co. Vs. State of Uttar Pradesh  INSC 132 (10 April 1962)
10/04/1962 KAPUR, J.L.
AYYANGAR, N. RAJAGOPALA MUDHOLKAR, J.R.
CITATION: 1962 AIR 1614 1963 SCR (1) 991
CITATOR INFO :
F 1962 SC1621 (8)
Sales-tax--Notification by State Government
exempting handmade biris--Validity of order of assessment--Uttar Pradesh Sales
Tax Act, 1948 (U. P. XV of 1948) s. 4(1)(b).
The appellant firm was a registered dealer in
biris under the Uttar Pradesh Sales Tax Act, 1943. The Sales Tax Officer
assessed it to sales tax provisionally for the quarter from April 1, 1958, to
June 30, 1958. The appellant moved the High Court under Art. 226 of the Constitution
but the petition was dismissed. It appealed to this Court by special leave and
filed a petition under Art. 32 of the Constitution. Its case was that by the
notification issued under s. 4(1)(b) of the Act on December 14, 1957, hand-made
biris were exempted from sales tax and the order of assessment made by the
Sales Tax Officer was based on a misconstruction of the same. The notification
provided "that no tax shall be payable under the aforesaid Act with effect
from December 14, 1957, by dealers in respect of the following classes of goods
provided that the Additional Central Excise Duties leviable thereon from the
closing of business on December 13, 1957, have been paid on such goods"
and the classes of goods included "cigars, cigarettes, biris tobacco in
any form x x x x".
Held, (Subha Rao, J., dissenting) that for
the reasons given in the majority judgment of this Court in Ujjam Bai v. State
of U. P., the writ petition must fail.
Ujjam Bai v. State of U. P., W. P. No. 79 of
The exemption under the notification,
properly construed, was conditional and applied only to goods on which
additional Central Excise Duty was leviable and had been paid. Since no such
duty was leviable on hand-made biris and none was paid, the condition precedent
to exemption was not satisfied. The Sales Tax Officer had therefore correctly
interpreted the notification and his order was correct.
ORIGINAL JURISDICTION : Petition No. 195 of
992 Petition Under Art. 32 of the
Constitution of India for enforcement of Fundamental Rights.
WITH Civil Appeal No. 99 of 1961.
Appeal by special leave, from the Judgment
and order dated May 14, 1959, of the Allahabad High Court in Civil Misc.
Writ No. 1384 of 1959.
G. C. Mathur, for the petitioners (in
M. C. Setalvad, Attorney-General of India and
G. C. Mathur for the appellants (in C. A. No.99/61).
S. N. Sanyal, Additional Solicitor General of
India and C. P. Lal, for the respondents (in both the petition, and appeal).
1962, April 10. The following Judgments were
delivered KAPUR, J. This judgment will dispose of two matters which arise out
of the same proceedings under the U.P. Sales Tax Act (1) a petition under Art.
32 and (2) an appeal against the judgment and order of the High Court of Allahabad
passed in proceedings taken under Art. 226 of the Constitution.
One of the questions that arises in these two
matters is the same which arose and has been decided in W. P. No. 79 of 1959 in
which the judgment has been delivered today.
The facts giving rise to these two matters
are these: The petitioner firm is a partnership firm carrying on business of
selling biris and although its principal office is at Nadiad (Bombay State) it
has a branch office at Agra in U. P. where biris manufactured by it are brought
and sold. The firm was registered as a dealer under s. 8 of the U.P. Sales 993
Tax Act (Act 15 of 1948) hereinafter called the 'Act' under which a
notification giving exemption in regard to sales tax on certain articles was
notified by a notification of December 14, 1957, which has been set out at
another place in this judgment. On February 27, 1959, the Sales Tax Officer,
Agra, passed a provisional order of assessment of sales tax for the quarter
from April 1, 1958 to June 30, 195S. The tax so assessed Was Bs. 62,500. It is
alleged that no notice was given to the petitioner firm. The notice of demand
was issued on the same date. An appeal was taken against this order of
assessment to the Judge (Appeals) and an application was made to the commissioner
of Sales Tax for a stay of the realisation of the tax assessed. The
Commissioner on April 28, 1959, directed that if half of the amount assessed
was deposited by the petitioner by April 30, 1959, the payment of the remaining
amount shall be stayed pending the final assessment. On April 30, 1959, the
petitioner firm deposited half the tax assessed i.e. Rs. 31,250.
On April 28, 1959 the petitioner firm moved
the High Court Under Art. 226 of the Constitution for a writ of certiorari
quashing the assessment order and the second notice of demand and for a writ of
mandamus directing the taxing authorities to forbear from recovering the tax.
This petition was dismissed by the High Court 'by an order dated May 14, 1959.
An application for a certificate under Art.
133(1)(o) of the Constitution was dismissed
by the Hikh Court on October 23, 1959, and against the order of dismissal of
the petition under Art. 226, special leave was granted by this Court on
December 18, 1959. A petition under Art. 32 of the Constitution was also filed
by the petitioner firm on December 16, 1959, and rule was issued thereon and
that is how the appeal against the High Court order made in proceedings under
Art.226 994 and the petition under Art. 32 of the Constitution have been brought
to this Court.
On September 29, 1959, the Sales Tax Officer
issued another notice calling upon the petitioner firm to submit returns for
the period from December 13, 1957, to March 31, 1958.
On October 1959, a further notice was issued
under s. 15(i)(a) to show cause why a penalty should not be imposed.
This matter was not before the High Court as
the petition in that Court was filed earlier but it has also been challenged in
the petition under Art. 32 of the Constitution. For reasons given in W.P. No.
79 of 1959 this petition under Art. 32 is dismissed.
The appeal which the petitioner firm had,
filed before the Judge (Appeals) was dismissed and a revision taken against
that order was also dismissed but these orders have not been challenged in any
proceedings so far.
The appellant firm's contention in the appeal
was that the order of the Sales Tax Officer limiting the excess Central Excise
Duty had been paid was erroneous. It will be opposite at this stage to trace
the history of the exemption which is claimed by the appellant firm. Because of
the difficulty experienced in regard to inter-State sales on a large scale of
certain articles the Central Government with the concurrence of the State
Governments imposed an enhanced Central Excise Duty on the sales tax levied
upon them, and the sum so collected by the imposition of the enhanced Central
Excise Duty on those articles was to be distributed by the Central Government
to the State Governments concerned and they (the State Governments) agreed to
exempt those articles from sales tax. As a result of this arrangement.
The Additional Duties of Excise (Goods of
Special Importance) Act (Act 58 995 of 1957) was passed by Parliament. In this
judgment it will be called 'Central Act 58 of 1957'. By this Act additional
Central Excise. duty was levied on tobacco but no such duty was levied on
biris. Even under the Central Excise and Salt Act (Act 1 of 1944), hereinafter
called 'Central Act 1 of 1944', no Central Excise Duty was imposed on handmade
biris although excise duty was levied on machine made biris but the object. of
imposing that duty was to protect the handmade biris industry. In pursuance of
the above mentioned arrangement for the exemption from sales tax of certain
articles the U. P. Government issued notification No. ST-4485/X dated December
14, 1957, under s. 4(1)(b) of the Act which will be quoted at another place in
this judgment. Liability to sales tax arises under s. 3 (1) of the Act which
provides-.S. 3(1) "Subject to the provisions of this Act, every dealer
shall, for 'each assessment year, pay a tax at the rate of (two naya paise per
rupee) on his turnover of such year, which shall be determined in such manner
as may be prescribed".
and provision for exemption for sales tax is
made in a. 4(1)(a) and (b) which provides S. 4(1) "No tax shall be payable
on(a) the sale of water, milk, salt, newspapers and motor spirit as defined in
the U.P. Sales of Motor Spirit (Taxation) 'Act, 1939, and of any other goods
which the State, Government may be notification in the official gazette exempt:
(b) the sale of any goods by the All-India
Spinners Association or Gandhi Ashram Meerut, and their branches or such other
persons, or class of persons as the State Government may from time to time
exempt on such 996 conditions and on payment of such fees, if any not exceeding
(eight thousand rupees annually as may be specified by notification in the
The U.P. Government on December 14, 1957,
issued the following notification under s. 4(1)(b) of the Act "No.
ST-4485/X dated Lucknow Dec. 14, 1957 (Published in U.P. Gazette Extraordinary,
dated December 14, 1957).
In partial modification of notifications No.
ST-905/X dated March 31, 1956 and ST418 ' /X 902(9)-52 dated January 31, 1957
and exercise of the powers conferred by clause (b) of subsection (1) of see. 4
of the U.P. Sale's Tax Act, 1948 (U.P. Act No. XV of 1948) as amended upto
date, Governor of Uttar Pradesh is pleased to order that no tax shall be
payable under the aforesaid Act with effect from December 14, 1957 by the
dealers in respect of the following classes of goods provided that the
Additional Central Excise Duties leviable thereon from the closing of business
on December 13, 1957 have been paid on such goods and that the dealers thereof
furnish proof to the satisfaction of the assessing authority that such duties
have been paid
(3) Cigars, cigarettes, biris and tobacco,
that is to say any form of tobacco, whether cured or uncured and whether
manufactured or not and includes the leaf, stalks and stems of the tobacco
plant but does not include any part of a tobacco plant while still attached to
997 This is the notification,, which, it is
submitted, by petitioner, has been misconstrued and misapplied and has resulted
in the infringement of the petitioner's right Art.
19(1)(g) of the Constitution.
It was contended that under the Central Act
58 of 1957 additional Central Duty of Excise had been paid. on tobacco as
defined in the Central Act 1 of 1944. In the 4th item in the 1st Schedule of
Central Act 1 of 1944 tobacco is defined as follows :"Tobacco' means any
form of tobacco, whether cured or uncured and whether manufactured or not, and
includes the leaf, stalks and stems of the tobacoo plant, but dues not include
any part of a tobacco plant while still attached to the earth".
The notification expressly states that it is
made under s. 4(1)(b) of the Act and therefore the exemption was conditional
and properly read it applies only to those goods on which additional Central
Excise Duty was leviable and had been paid. No , such duty was leviable on
hand-made biris and it was not paid. The condition of the exemption therefore
cannot be said to have fulfilled and the sales of the petitioners did not fall
within the exemption covered and given by the notification. In our opinion
therefore the Sales Tax Officer correctly interpreted the notification and it
has not been shown that his determination was in any way erroneous. On this
ground also the petition must fail.
The appeal against the order of the High
Court of Allahabad is therefore dismissed but the parties will bear their own
SUBBA RAO, J.-It is common case that the
appeal and the writ petition would be governed by our decision in the connected
writ petition viz., 998 Writ Petition No. 79 of 1959. For the reasons mentioned
therein, the writ petition and the appeal are allowed with costs.
BY COURT:-In accordance with the judgment of
the majority, Civil Appeal No. 99 of 1961 and Writ Petition No. 195 or 1959 are
dismissed, but the parties are left to bear their own costs.