Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974
4. Constitution of State Boards.
(1) The State Government shall with effect from such date as it may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint, constitute a State Pollution Control Board, under such name as may be specified in the notification, to exercise the powers conferred on and perform the functions assigned to that Board under this Act.
(2) A State Board shall consist of the following members namely:-
(a) a chairman, being
a person having special knowledge or practical experience in respect of matter
relating to environmental protection or a person having knowledge and
experience in administering institutions dealing with the matters aforesaid, to
be nominated by the State Government :
Provided that the chairman may be either whole-time or part-time as the State Government may think fit;
(b) such number of officials, not exceeding five, to be nominated by the State Government to represent that Government;
(c) such number of persons, not exceeding five, to be nominated by the State Government from amongst the members of the local authorities functioning within the State;
(d) such number of non-officials not exceeding three, to be nominated by the State Government to represent the interests of agriculture, fishery or industry or trade or any other interest which, in the opinion of the State Government, thought to be represented;
(e) two persons to represent the companies or corporations owned, controlled or managed by the State Government, to be nominated by that Government;
(f) a full-time member-secretary, possessing qualifications, knowledge and experience of scientific, engineering or management aspects of pollution control, to be appointed by the State Government.
(3) Every State Board shall be a body corporate with the name specified by the State Government in the notification under sub-section (1), having perpetual succession and a common seal with power, subject to the provisions of this Act, to acquire, hold and dispose of property and to contract, and may, by the said name, sue or be sued.
(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in this section, no State Board shall be constituted for a Union territory and in relation to a Union territory, the Central Board shall exercise the powers and perform the functions of a State Board for that Union territory:
Provided that in relation to any Union territory the Central Board may delegate all or any of its powers and functions under this sub-section to such person or body of persons as the Central Government may specify.