Standards of Weights and Measures Act, 1976
39. Quantities and origin of commodities in packaged form to be declared. -
(1) No person shall-
(a) Make, manufacture, pack, sell, or cause to be packed or sold; or
(b) Distribute, deliver, or cause to be distributed or delivered, or
(c) Offer, expose or possess for sale,
Any commodity in packaged form to which this part applies unless such package bears thereon or on label securely attached thereto a definite, plain and conspicuous declaration, made in the prescribed manner, of-
(i) The identity of the commodity in the package
(ii) The net quantity, in terms of the standard unit of weight or measure, of the commodity in the package
(iii) Where the commodity is packaged or sold by number, the accurate number of the commodity contained in the package,
(iv) The unit sale price of the commodity in the package; and
(v) The sale price of the package.
Explanation-In this sub-section, the expression “unit sale price” means the price according to such unit of weight, measure or number as may be prescribed.
(2) Every package to which this Part applies shall bear thereon the name of the manufacturer and also of the packer or distributor.
(3) Where the package of a commodity to which this Part applies or the label thereon bears a representation as to the number of servings, of the commodity contained therein, such package or label shall also bear a statement as to the net quantity (in terms of weight, measure or number) of each such serving.
(4) The statement on a package or label as to the net weight, measure or number or the contents thereof shall not include any expression which tends to qualify such weight, measure or number:
Provided that the Central Government may, by rules, specify the commodities, the weight or measure of which is likely to increase or decrease beyond the prescribed tolerance limits by reason of climatic variations; and it shall be lawful for the manufacturer or packer of the commodity so specified to qualify the statement as to the net content of such commodity by the use of the words “when packed”.
Explanation. -The words “when packed” shall not be used in any case except a case to which the proviso to sub-section (4) applies.
(5) Where the Central Government has reason to believe that there is undue proliferation of weight, measure or number in which any commodity is, or reasonably comparable commodities are, being packaged for sale, distribution or delivery and such undue proliferation impairs in the opinion of that Government, the reasonable ability of the consumer to make a comparative assessment of the prices after considering the net quantity or number of such commodity, that Government may direct the manufacturers and also packers or distributors to sell, distribute or deliver such commodity in such standard quantities or number as may be prescribed.
(6) Whenever the retail price of a commodity in packaged form to which this chapter applies is stated in any advertisement there shall be included in the advertisement, a conspicuous declaration as to the net quantity or number of the commodity contained in the package and retail unit sale price thereof.
(7) No person shall sell, distribute or deliver for sale a package containing a commodity which is filled less than the prescribed capacity of such package except where it is proved by such person that the package was so filled with a view to-
(a) Giving protection to the contents of such package, or
(b) Meeting the requirements of machines used for enclosing the contents of such package.
(8) The Central Government may, by rules, specify such reasonable variations in the net contents of the commodity in a package as may be caused by the method of packing or the ordinary exposure which may be undergone by such commodity after it has been introduced in trade or commerce.
(9) The Central Government may, by rules, specify the classes of commodities of packages in relation to which all or any of the provisions of this section shall not apply or shall apply with such exceptions or modifications as may be specified therein.