Payment of Wages Act, 1936
21. Procedure in trial of offences
(1) No court shall take cognizance of a complaint against any person for an offence under sub-section (1) of section 20 unless an application in respect of the facts constituting the offence has been presented under section 15 and has been granted wholly or in part and the authority empowered under the latter section or the appellate Court granting such application has sanctioned the making of the complaint.
Before sanctioning the making of a complaint against any person for an offence
under sub-section (1) of section 20 the authority empowered under section 15 or
the appellate Court as the case may be shall give such person an opportunity of
showing cause against the granting of such sanction and the sanction shall not
be granted if such person satisfies the authority or Court that his default was
due to -
(a) a bona fide error or bona fide dispute as to the amount payable to the employed person or
(b) the occurrence of an emergency or the existence of exceptional circumstances such that the person responsible for the payment of the wages was unable though exercising reasonable diligence to make prompt payment or
(c) the failure of the employed person to apply for or accept payment.
(3) No Court shall take cognizance of a contravention of section 4 or of section 6 or of a contravention of any rule made under section 26 except on a complaint made by or with the sanction of an Inspector under this Act.
(3A) No Court shall take cognizance of any offence punishable under sub-section (3) or sub-section (4) of section 20 except on a complaint made by or with the sanction of an Inspector under this Act.
(4) In imposing any fine for an affiance under sub-section (1) of section 20 the court shall take into consideration the amount of any compensation already awarded against the accused in any proceedings taken under section 15.