Payment of Wages Act, 1936
(1) An Inspector of Factories appointed under sub-section (1) of section 8 of the Factories Act 1948 (63 of 1948) shall be an Inspector for the purposes of this Act in respect of all factories within the local limits assigned to him.
(2) The State Government may appoint Inspectors for the purposes of this Act in respect of all persons employed upon a railway (otherwise than in a factory) to whom this Act applies.
(3) The State Government may by notification in the Official Gazette appoint such other persons as it thinks fit to be Inspectors for the purposes of this Act and may define the local limits within which and the class of factories and industrial or other establishments in respect of which they shall exercise their functions.
(4) An Inspector may,
(a) make such examination and inquiry as he thinks fit in order to ascertain whether the provisions of this Act or rules made thereunder are being observed;
(b) with such assistance if any as he thinks fit enter inspect and search any premises of any railway factory or industrial or other establishment at any reasonable time for the purpose of carrying out the objects of this Act;
(c) supervise the payment of wages to persons employed upon any railway or in any factory or industrial or other establishment;
(d) require by a written order the production at such place as may be prescribed of any register maintained in pursuance of this Act and taken on the spot or otherwise statements of any persons which he may consider necessary for carrying out the purposes of this Act;
(e) seize or take copies of such registers or documents or portions thereof as he may consider relevant in respect of an offence under this Act which he has reason to believe has been committed by an employer;
(f) exercise such other powers as may be prescribed:
Provided that no person shall be compelled under this sub-section to answer any question or make any statement tending to incriminate himself.
(4A) The provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure 1973 (2 of 1974) shall so far as may be apply to any search or seizure under this sub-section as they apply to any search or seizure made under the authority of a warrant issued under section 94 of the said Code.
(5) Every Inspector shall be deemed to be a public servant within the meaning of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860).