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Motor Vehicles Act, 1988


2.  Definitions.-

In  this  Act,  unless  the  context  otherwise requires,--

  1. "area",  in relation to any provision of this Act, means such area  as the  State Government  may, having  regard  to  the requirements of  that provision,  specify by  notification in the Official Gazette;

  2. "articulated  vehicle" means  a motor vehicle to which a semitrailer is attached;

  3. "axle  weight" means in relation to an axle of a vehicle the total  weight transmitted  by the  several wheels attached to that axle to the surface on which the vehicle rests;

  4. "certificate  of  registration"  means  the  certificate issued by  a competent  authority to  the  effect  that  a  motor vehicle  has   been  duly   registered  in  accordance  with  the provisions of Chapter IV;

  5. "conductor",  in relation  to a  stage carriage, means a person engaged  in collecting  fares from  passengers, regulating their entrance  into,  or  exit  from,  the  stage  carriage  and performing such other functions as may be prescribed;

  6. "conductor's  licence" means  the licence  issued  by  a competent authority  under Chapter  III  authorising  the  person specified therein to act as a conductor; 1.   1. 1-7-1989,  vide Notification No. S.O. 368(E), dated 22-5-1989, Gazette of India, Extra ordinary, 1989, Pt. II; Sec. 3(ii).

  7. "contract  carriage" means  a motor  vehicle which  carries a  passenger or passenger or passengers for hire or reward and is engaged  under a  contract, whether  expressed or  implied, for the use of such vehicle as  a whole  for the  carriage of passengers mentioned therein  and entered  into by a person with a holder of a permit in relation to such vehicle or any person authorised by him in this behalf on a fixed  or an agreed rate or sum--

  1. on  a time  basis, whether  or not with reference to any route or distance; or

  2. from  one point  to another, and in either case, without stopping to  pick up  or set  down passengers not included in the contract anywhere during the journey, and includes--

  1. a maxicab; and

  2. a  motor cab  notwithstanding that  separate fares  are charged for its passengers;

  1. "dealer" includes a person who is engaged--

  1. in the manufacture of motor vehicles; or

  2. in building bodies for attachment to chassis; or

  3. in the repair of motor vehicles; or

  4. in  the business  of  hypothecation,  leasing  or  hire-purchase of motor vehicle;

  1. "driver"  includes, in  relation to  a motor vehicle which is drawn by  another motor vehicle, the person who acts as a steersman of the drawn vehicle;

  2. "driving  licence" means  the licence  issued by a competent authority under Chapter II authorising the person specified therein to drive, otherwise than as a learner, a motor vehicle or a motor vehicle of any specified class or description;

  3. "educational  institution bus"  means an  omnibus, which  is owned by  a college,  school or other educational institution and used solely for  the purpose  of transporting  students  or  staff  of  the educational institution in connection with any of its activities;

  4. "fares"  includes sums  payable for  a season  ticket or  in respect of the hire of a contract carriage;

  5. "goods"  includes  live-stock,  and  anything  (other  than equipment ordinarily  used with  the vehicle)  carried  by  a  vehicle except living  persons, but  does  not  include  luggage  or  personal effects carried in a motor car or in a trailer attached to a motor car or the personal luggage of passengers travelling in the vehicle;

  6. "goods  carriage" means  any motor  vehicle  constructed  or adapted for use solely for the carriage of goods, or any motor vehicle not so constructed or adapted when used for the carriage of goods;

  7. "gross  vehicle weight"  means in respect of any vehicle the total weight  of the  vehicle and load certified and registered by the registering authority as permissible for that vehicle;

  8. "heavy  goods vehicle"  means any  goods carriage  the gross vehicle weight  of which,  or a  tractor or  a road-roller the unladen weight of either of which, exceeds 12,000 kilograms;

  9. "heavy  passenger motor  vehicle" means  any public  service vehicle or  private service  vehicle or educational institution bus or omnibus the  gross vehicle  weight of any of which, or a motor car the unladen weight of which, exceeds 12,000 kilograms;

  10. "invalid  carriage" means a motor vehicle specially designed and constructed,  and not  merely, adapted,  for the  use of  a person suffering from  some physical defect or disability, and used solely by or for such a person;

  11. "learner's  licence" means the licence issued by a competent authority under Chapter II authorising the person specified therein to drive as  a learner,  a motor  vehicle  or  a  motor  vehicle  of  any specified class or description;

  12. "licensing  authority" means an authority empowered to issue licences under Chapter II or, as the case may be, Chapter III;

  13. (21) "light  motor vehicle"  means a transport vehicle or omnibus the gross  vehicle weight of either of which or a motor car or tractor or road-roller  the unladen  weight of  any of  which, does not exceed 7,500 kilograms;

  14. "maxicab"  means any motor vehicle constructed or adapted to carry more  than six  passengers, but not more than twelve passengers, excluding the driver, for hire or reward;

  15. "medium goods vehicle" means any goods carriage other than a light motor vehicle or a heavy goods vehicle;

  16. "medium  passenger motor  vehicle" means  any public service vehicle or  private service  vehicle, or  educational institution  bus other than  a motor  cycle, invalid  carriage, light  motor vehicle or heavy passenger motor vehicle;

  17. "motorcab" means any motor vehicle constructed or adapted to carry not  more than  six passengers  excluding the driver for hire or reward;

  18. "motor  car" means  any motor vehicle other than a transport vehicle,  omnibus,   road-roller,  tractor,  motor  cycle  or  invalid carriage;

  19. "motor  cycle" means  a two-wheeled motor vehicle, inclusive of any  detachable side-car  having an  extra wheel,  attached to  the motor vehicle;

  20. "motor   vehicle"  or   "vehicle"  means  any  mechanically propelled vehicle adapted for use upon roads whether the power of 1    Subs. & ins. by Act. propulsion is  transmitted thereto from an external or internal source and includes  a chassis  to which  a body  has not been attached and a trailer; but  does not include a vehicle running upon fixed rails or a vehicle of  a special type adapted for use only in a factory or in any other enclosed  premises or  a vehicle  having less  than four  wheels fitted  with  engine  capacity  of  not  exceeding  thirty-five  cubic centimetres;

  21. "omnibus"  means any motor vehicle constructed or adapted to carry more than six persons excluding the driver;

  22. "owner"  means a person in whose name a motor vehicle stands registered, and  where such  person is  a minor,  the guardian of such minor, and  in relation  to a  motor vehicle which is the subject of a hire-purchase, agreement,  or an agreement of lease or an agreement of hypothecation, the  person in  possession of  the vehicle  under  that agreement;

  23. "permit"  means a  permit issued  by  a  State  or  Regional Transport Authority  or an  authority prescribed  in this behalf under this Act  authorising the  use of  a  motor  vehicle  as  a  transport vehicle;

  24. "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act;

  25. "private  service vehicle" means a motor vehicle constructed or adapted  to carry  more than  six persons  excluding the driver and ordinarily used  by or  on behalf of the owner of such vehicle for the purpose of  carrying persons  for, or in connection with, his trade or business otherwise  than for  hire or  reward but  does not  include a motor vehicle used for public purposes;

  26. "public  place" means  a road,  street, way  or other place, whether a  thoroughfare or  not, to  which the  public have a right of access, and includes any place or stand at which passengers are picked up or set down by a stage carriage;

  27. "public  service vehicle"  means any  motor vehicle  used or adapted to  be used for the carriage of passengers for hire or reward, and includes  a maxicab,  a motorcab,  contract  carriage,  and  stage carriage;

  28. "registered axle weight" means in respect of the axle of any vehicle, the  axle weight  certified and registered by the registering authority as permissible for that axle;

  29. "registering  authority" means  an  authority  empowered  to register motor vehicles under Chapter IV;

  30. "route"  means a  line of travel which specifies the highway which may  be traversed  by a  motor vehicle  between one terminus and another;

  31. "semi-trailer"  means a trailer drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed  that a  part of  it is super-imposed on, and a part of its weight is borne by, the drawing vehicle;

  32. "stage  carriage"  means  a  motor  vehicle  constructed  or adapted to  carry more  than six  passengers excluding  the driver for hire or reward at separate fares paid by or for individual passengers, either for the whole journey or for stages of the journey;

  33. "State  Government" in  relation to  a Union territory means the  Administrator   thereof  appointed   under  article  239  of  the Constitution;

  34. "State   transport  undertaking"   means  any   undertaking providing road transport service, where such undertaking is carried on by,--

  1. the Central Government or a State Government;

  2. any   Road  Transport  Corporation  established  under section 3  of the  Road Transport  Corporations Act, 1950 (64 of 1950.)

  3. any  municipality or  any corporation or company owned or controlled  by the  Central Government  or one  or more  State Governments, or  by the  Central Government and one or more State Governments.

Explanation.--For the  purposes of  this clause,  "road transport service" means  a service  of motor  vehicles carrying  passengers  or goods or both by road for hire or reward;

  1. "tourist  vehicle" means  a contract carriage constructed or adapted  and   equipped  and   maintained  in   accordance  with  such specifications as may be prescribed in this behalf;

  2. "tractor"  means  a  motor  vehicle  which  is  not  itself constructed to  carry any  load (other  than equipment  used  for  the purpose of propulsion); but excludes a road-roller;

  3. "traffic  signs" includes  all signals,  warning sign posts, direction posts,  markings on  the  road  or  other  devices  for  the information, guidance or direction of drivers of motor vehicles;

  4. "trailer" means any vehicle, other than a semi-trailer and a side-car, drawn or intended to be drawn by a motor vehicle;

  5. "transport  vehicle" means a public service vehicle, a goods carriage, an educational institution bus or a private service vehicle;

  6. "unladen  weight" means  the weight  of a vehicle or trailer including all  equipment ordinarily  used with  the vehicle or trailer when working,  but excluding  the weight of a driver or attendant; and where alternative  parts or  bodies are used the unlade weight of the vehicle means  the weight  of  the  vehicle  with  the  heaviest  such alternative part or body;

  7. "weight"  means the  total weight  transmitted for  the time being by  the wheels  of a vehicle to the surface on which the vehicle rests,



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