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Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Act, 1969


27. Division of undertakings

(1) 33[Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act or in any other law for the time being in force, the Commission may-

(i) upon receiving a complaint of facts from any trade association or from any consumer or a registered consumers’ association, whether such consumer is a member of that consumers’ association or not; or

(ii) upon a reference made to it by the Central Government or a State Government; or

(iii) upon its own knowledge or information, if it is of opinion that the working of an undertaking is prejudicial to the public interest, or has led, or is leading, or is likely to lead, to the adoption of any monopolistic or restrictive trade practices, inquire], as to whether it is expedient in the public interest to make an order,-

(a) for the division of any trade of the undertaking by the sale of any part of the undertaking or assets thereof, or

(b) for the division of any undertaking or inter-connected undertakings into such number of undertakings as the circumstances of the case may justify, and the Commission may, after such hearing as it thinks fit, report to the Central Government its opinion thereon and shall, where it is of opinion that a division ought to be made, specify the manner of the division and compensation, if any, payable for such division.

Explanation: For the purposes of this section all activities carried on by way of trade by an undertaking or two or more inter-connected undertakings may be treated as a single trade.

(2) If the Commission so recommends, the Central Government may, notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, by an order in writing, direct the division of any trade of the undertaking or of the undertaking or inter-connected undertakings.

(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, the order referred to in sub-section (2) may provide for all such matters as may be necessary to give effect to the division of any trade of the undertaking, or of the undertaking or inter-connected undertakings, including,-

(a) the transfer or vesting of property, right, liabilities or obligations;

(b) the adjustment of contracts either by the discharge or reduction of any liability or obligation or otherwise;

(c) the creation, allotment, surrender or cancellation of any shares, stock or securities;

(d) the payment of compensation;

(e) the formation or winding up of an undertaking or the amendment of the memorandum and articles of association or any other instruments regulating the business of any undertaking;

(f) the extent to which and the circumstances in which provisions of the order affecting an undertaking may be altered by the undertaking and the registration thereof;

(g) the continuation, with such changes as may be necessary, of parties to any legal proceeding.

(4) Where the Central Government makes, or intends to make, an order for any purpose mentioned in sub-section (3) it may, with a view to achieving that purpose, prohibit or restrict the doing of anything that might impede the operation or making of the order and may impose on any person such obligations as to the carrying on of any activities or the safeguarding of any assets, as it may think fit, or it may, by order, provide for the carrying on of any activities or safeguarding of any assets either by the appointment of a person to conduct, or supervise the conduct of, any such activities or in any other manner.

(5) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force or in any contract or in any memorandum or articles of association, an officer of a company who ceases to hold office as such in consequence of the division of an undertaking or inter-connected undertakings shall not be entitled to claim compensation for such cases.



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