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Maharashtra Rent Control Act, 1999


7. Definitions.

In this Act, unless there is anything repugnant to the subject or context,-

(1) "Competent Authority" means the competent authority appointed under section 40;

(2) "Government allotted",-

(a) in relation to any premises requisitioned or continued under requisition which are allotted by the State Government for any non-residential purpose to any Department or office of the State Government or Central Government or any public sector undertaking or corporation owned or controlled fully or partly by the State Government or any Co-operative Society registered under the Maharashtra Co-operative Societies Act, 1960 or any foreign consulate, by whatever name called, and on the 7th December, 1996, being the date of coming into force of the Bombay Rents, Hotel and Lodging House Rates Control, Bombay Land Requisition and Bombay Government Premises (Eviction) (Amendment) Act, 1996, were in their occupation or possession, means the principal officer-in-charge of such office or department or public sector undertaking or corporation or society or consulate; and

(b) in relation to any premises requisitioned or continued under requisition which were allotted by the State Government for residential purpose to any person and on the 7th December, 1996, being the date of coming into force of the Bombay Rents, Hotel and Lodging House Rates Control, Bombay Land Requisition and Bombay Government Premises (Eviction) (Amendment) Act, 1996, such person or his legal heir was in occupation or possession of such premises for his or such legal heir's own residence, means such person or legal heir;

(3) "Landlord" means any person who is for the time being, receiving, or entitled to receive, rent in respect of any premises whether on his own account or on account, or on behalf, or for the benefit of, any other person or as a trustee, guardian, or receiver for any other person or who would so receive the rent or be entitled to receive the rent if the premises were let to a tenant; and also includes any person not being a tenant who from time to time derives title under a landlord, and further includes in respect of his sub-tenant, a tenant who has sub-let any premises; and also includes, in respect of a licensee deemed to be a tenant under the provisions of the Bombay Rents, Hotel and Lodging House Rates Control Act, 1947, the licensor who has given premises on license and in respect of the State Government or as the case may be, the Government allotted referred to in sub-clause (b) of clause (2) deemed to be a tenant by section 27, the person who was entitled to receive the rent if the premises were let to a tenant immediately before the 7th December, 1996, that is before the coming into force of the Bombay Rent, Hotel and Lodging House Rates Control, Bombay Land Requisition and the Bombay Government Premises (Eviction) (Amendment) Act, 1996;

(4) "legal representative" means a legal, representative as defined in the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, and includes also, in the case of joint family property, the joint family of which the deceased person was a member;

(5) "Licensee", in respect of any premises or any part thereof, means the person who is in occupation of the premises or such part, as the case may be, under a subsisting agreement for license given for a license fee or charge; and includes any person in such occupation of any premises or part thereof in a building vesting in or leased to a co-operative housing society registered or deemed to be registered under the Maharashtra Co-operative Societies Act, 1960; but does not include a paying guest, a member of a family residing together, a person in the service or employment of the licensor, or a person conducting a running business belonging to the licensor or a person having any accommodation for rendering or carrying on medical or Para-medical services or activities in or near a nursing home, hospital, or sanatorium or a person having any accommodation in a hotel, lodging house, hostel, guest house, club, nursing home, hospital, sanatorium, dharmashala. home for widows, orphans or like premises, marriage or public hall or like premises, or in a place of amusement or entertainment or like institution, or in any premises belonging to or held by an employee or his spouse who on account of exigencies of service or provisions of residence attached to his or her post or office is temporarily not occupying the premises, provided that he or she charges license fee or charge for such premises of the employee or spouse not exceeding the standard rent and permitted increase for such premises, and any additional sum for service supplied with such premises or a person having accommodation in any premises or part thereof for conducting a canteen, creche, dispensary or other services as amenities by any undertaking or institution; and the expressions "license", "licensor" and "premises given on license" shall be construed accordingly;

(6) "local authority" means,-

(a) the Mumbai Municipal Corporation constituted under the Mumbai Municipal Corporation Act or the Nagpur Municipal Corporation constituted under the City of Nagpur Municipal Corporation Act, 1948 or any Municipal Corporation constituted in respect of any city under the Bombay Provincial Municipal Corporations Act, 1949.

(b) a Municipal Council, constituted under, the Maharashtra Municipal Councils, Nagar Panchayats and Industrial Townships Act, 1965

(c) a Zillah Parishad and a Panchayat Samiti, constituted under the Maharashtra Zilla Parishads and Panchayat Samitis Act, 1961,

(d) a Village Panchayat, constituted under the Bombay Village Panchayats Act, 1958,

(e) a cantonment, constituted under the Cantonments Act, 1924,

(f) the Nagpur Improvement Trust, constituted under the Nagpur Improvement Trust Act, 1936,

(g) the Maharashtra Housing and Area Development Authority or a Board, constituted under the Maharashtra Housing and Area Development Act, 1976.

(h) the City and Industrial Development Corporation,

(i) the Pimpri and Chinchwad New Township Development Authority;

(7) "paying guest" means a person, not being a member of the family, who is given a part of the premises, in which the licensor resides, on license;

(8) "permitted increase" means an increase in rent permitted under the provisions of this Act;

(9) "premises" means any building or part of a building let or given on license separately (other than a farm building) including,-

(i) the gardens, grounds, garages and out-houses, if any, appurtenant to such building or part of a building,

(ii) any fittings affixed to such building or part of a building for the more beneficial enjoyment thereof, but does not include a room or other accommodation in a hotel or lodging house;

(10) "premises requisitioned or continued under requisition" means the premises requisitioned or continued under requisition under the Bombay Land Requisition Act, 1948;

(11)   "Prescribed" means prescribed by rules;

(12) "repealed Act" or "repealed Acts" means the Act, or Acts referred to in section 58.

(13) "rules" means the rules made under this Act;

(14) "standard rent', in relation to any premises means,-

(a) where the standard rent is fixed by the Court or, as the case may be, the Controller under the Bombay Rent Restriction Act, 1939, or the Bombay Rents, Hotel Rates and Lodging House Rates (Control) Act, 1944 or the Bombay Rents, Hotel and Lodging House Rates Control Act, 1947, or the Central Provinces and Berar Letting of Houses and Rent Control Order, 1949 issued under the Central Provinces and Berar Regulation of Letting of Accommodation Act, 1946, or the Hyderabad Houses (Rent, Eviction and Lease) Control Act, 1954, such rent plus an increase of 5 per cent, in the rent so fixed; or

(b) where the standard rent or fair rent is not so fixed, then subject to the provisions of sections 6 and 8, 

(i) the rent at which the premises were let on the 1st day of October 1987; or

(ii) where the premises were not let on the 1st day of October 1987, the rent at which they were last let before that day, plus  an increase of 5 per cent, in the rent of the premises let before the 1st day of October, 1987, or

(c) in any of the case specified in section 8, the rent fixed by the court;

(15) "tenant" means any person by whom or on whose account rent is payable for any premises and includes,-

(a) such person,-

(i) who is a tenant, or

(ii) who is a deemed tenant, or

(iii) who is a sub-tenant as permitted under a contract or by the permission or consent of the landlord, or

(iv) who has derived title under a tenant, or

(v) to whom interest in premises has been assigned or transferred as permitted, by virtue of, or under the provisions of, any of the repealed Acts;

(b) a person who is deemed to be a tenant under section 25;

(c) a person to whom interest in premises has been assigned or transferred as permitted under section 26;

(d) in relation to any premises, when the tenant dies, whether the death occurred before or after the commencement of this Act, any member of the tenant's family, who,-

(i) where they are let for residence, is residing, or

(ii) where they are let for education, business, trade or storage, is using the premises for any such purpose, with the tenant at the time of his death, or, in the absence of such member, any heir of the deceased tenant, as may be decided, in the absence of agreement, by the court.

Explanation-- The provisions of this clause for transmission of tenancy shall not be restricted to the death of the original tenant, but shall apply even on the death of any subsequent tenant, who becomes tenant under these provisions on the death of the last preceding tenant.



Maharashtra Rent Control Act, 1999 Back




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