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Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000

Contents

Sections

Particulars

Chapter I

Preliminary

1

Short title, extent, commencement and application

2

Definitions

3

Continuation of inquiry in respect of juvenile who has ceased to be a juvenile

Chapter II

Juvenile in Conflict with Law

4

Juvenile Justice Board

5

Procedure etc. in relation to Board

6

Powers of Juvenile Justice Board

7

Procedure to be followed by a Magistrate not empowered under the Act

7A

Procedure to be followed when claim of juvenility is raised before any court

8

Observation homes

9

Special homes

10

Apprehension of juvenile in conflict with law

11

Control of custodian over juvenile

12

Bail of juvenile

13

Information to parent, guardian or probation officer

14

Inquiry by Board regarding juvenile

15

Order that may be passed regarding juvenile

16

Order that may not be passed against juvenile

17

Proceeding under Chapter VIII of the Code of Criminal Procedure not competent against juvenile

18

No joint proceeding of juvenile and person not a juvenile

19

Removal of disqualification attaching to conviction

20

Special provision in respect of pending cases

21

Prohibition of publication of name, etc., of juvenile in conflict with law or child in need of care and protection involved in any proceeding under the Act

22

Provision in respect of escaped juvenile

23

Punishment for cruelty to juvenile or child

24

Employment of juvenile or child for begging

25

Penalty for giving intoxicating liquor or narcotic drug or psychotropic substance to juvenile or child

26

Exploitation of juvenile or child employee

27

Special offences

28

Alternative punishment

Chapter III

Child in Need of Care and Protection

29

Child Welfare Committee

30

Procedure, etc., in relation to Committee

31

Powers of Committee

32

Production before committee

33

Inquiry

34

Children's homes

35

Inspection

36

Social auditing

37

Shelter homes

38

Transfer

39

Restoration

Chapter IV

Rehabilitation and Social Reintegration

40

Process of rehabilitation and social reintegration

41

Adoption

42

Foster care

43

Sponsorship

44

After-care organization

45

Linkages and co-ordination

Part V

Miscellaneous

46

Attendance of parent or guardian of juvenile or child

47

Dispensing with attendance of juvenile or child

48

Committal to approved places of juvenile or child suffering from dangerous diseases and his future disposal

49

Presumption and determination of age

50

Sending a juvenile or child outside jurisdiction

51

Reports to be treated as confidential

52

Appeals

53

Revision

54

Procedure in inquiries, appeals and revision proceedings

55

Power to amend orders

56

Power of competent authority to discharge and transfer juvenile or child

57

Transfer between children's homes, under the Act, and juvenile homes, of like nature in different parts of India

58

Transfer of juvenile or child of unsound mind or suffering from leprosy or addicted to drugs

59

Release and absence of juvenile or child in placement

60

Contribution by parents

61

Fund

62

Central, State, district and city advisory boards

62A

Constitution of Child Protection Unit responsible for implementation of the Act

63

Special juvenile police unit

64

Juvenile in conflict with law undergoing sentence at commencement of this Act

65

Procedure in respect of bonds

66

Delegation of powers

67

Protection of action taken in good faith

68

Power to make rules

69

Repeal and savings

70

Power to remove difficulties

An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to juveniles in conflict with law and children in need of care and protection, by providing for proper care, protection and treatment by catering to their development needs, and by adopting a child-friendly approach in the adjudication and disposition of matters in the best interest of children and for their ultimate rehabilitation and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

WHEREAS the Constitution has, in several provisions, including clause (3) of article 15, clauses (e) and (f) of article 39, articles 45 and 47, impose on the State a primary responsibility of ensuring that all the needs of children are met and that their basic human rights are fully protected;

AND WHEREAS, the General Assembly of the United Nations has adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the 20th November, 1989;

AND WHEREAS, the Convention on the Rights of the Child has prescribed a set of standards to be adhered to by all State parties in securing the best interests of the child;

AND WHEREAS, the Convention on the Rights of the Child emphasises social reintegration of child victims, to the extent possible, without resorting to judicial proceedings;

AND WHEREAS, the Government of India has ratified the Convention on the 11th December, 1992.



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