Indian Telegraph Act, 1885
7. Power to make rules for the conduct of telegraphs
(1) The Central Government may, from time to time, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules consistent with this Act for the conduct of all or any telegraphs, established, maintained or worked by the government or by persons licensed under this Act.
(2) Rules under this section may provide for all or any of the following among other matters, that is to say,-
(a) the rates at which, and the other conditions and restrictions subject to which, messages shall be transmitted 10[within India];
(b) the precautions to be taken for preventing the improper interception or disclosure of messages;
(c) the period for which, and the conditions subject to which, telegrams and other documents belonging to, or being in the custody of, telegraph officers shall be preserved;
(d) the fees to be charged for searching for telegrams or other documents in the custody of any telegraph officer;
11[(e) the conditions and restrictions subject to which any telegraph line, appliance or apparatus for telegraphic communication shall be established, maintained, worked, repaired, transferred, shifted, withdrawn or disconnected;]
12[(ee) the charges in respect of any application for providing any telegraph line, appliance or apparatus;]
(f) the charges in respect of-
(i) the establishment, maintenance, working, repair, transfer or shifting of any telegraph line, appliance or apparatus;
(ii) the services of operator operating such line, appliances or apparatus;
(g) the matters in connection with the transition from a system where under rights and obligations relating to the establishment, maintenance, working repair, transfer or shifting of any telegraph line, appliance or apparatus for telegraphic communication attach by virtue of any agreement to a system where under such rights and obligations attach by virtue of rules made under this section;
(h) the time at which, the manner in which, the conditions under which and the person by whom the rates, charges and fee mentioned in this sub-section shall be paid and the furnishing of security for the payment of such rates, charges and fees;
(i) the payment of compensation to the Central Government for any loss incurred in connection with the provision of any telegraph line, appliance or apparatus for the benefit of any person-
(a) where the line, appliance or apparatus is, after it has been connected for use, given up by that person before the expiration of the period fixed by these rules, or
(b) where the work done for the purpose of providing the line, appliance, or apparatus is, before it is connected for use, rendered abortive by some act or omission on the part of that person;
(j) the principles according to which and the authority by whom the compensation referred to in clause (i) shall be assessed;
13[(jj) the qualifications to be possessed and the examinations, if any, to be passed by the persons employed for the establishment, maintenance or working of any telegraph and the fees to be charged for admission to such examinations;] and
(k) any other matter for which operation is necessary for the proper and efficient conduct of all or any telegraph under this Act.]
(3) When making rules for the conduct of any telegraph established, maintained or worked by any person licensed under this Act, the Central Government may by the rules prescribe fines for any breach of the same:
PROVIDED that the fines so prescribed shall not exceed the following limits, namely,-
(i) when the person licensed under this Act is punishable for the breach, one thousand rupees, and in the case of a continuing breach a further fine of two hundred rupees for every day after the first during the whole or any part of which the breach continues;
(ii) when a servant of the person so licensed, or any other person, is punishable for the breach, one-fourth of the amounts specified in clause (i).
11[(4) Nothing in this section or in any rules made hereunder shall be construed as-
(a) precluding the Central Government from entering into an agreement with a person for the establishment, maintenance and working by that government on terms and conditions specified in the agreement, of any telegraph line, appliance or apparatus for the purpose of affording means of telegraphic communication, where having regard to the number of the lines, appliance or apparatus required by that person for telegraphic communication, it is necessary or expedient to enter into such agreement with him, or
(b) subjecting the Central Government to any obligation to provide any telegraph line, appliance or apparatus for the purpose of affording means of telegraphic communication.
13[(5) Every rule made under this section shall be laid as soon as may be after it is made before each House of Parliament while it is in session for a total period of thirty days 14[which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid,] both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or both Houses agree that the rule should not be made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule]].