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Factories Act, 1948

[Act No. 63 of Year 1948 dated 23rd. September, 1948]

Contents

Sections

Particulars

Chapter I

Preliminary

1

Short title, extent and commencement

2

Interpretation

3

References to time of day

4

Power to declare different departments to be separate factories or two or more factories to be a single factory

5

Power to exempt during public emergency

6

Approval, licensing and registration of factories

7

Notice by occupier

Chapter II 

The Inspecting Staff

7A

General duties of the occupier

7B

General duties of manufacturers, etc., as regards articles and substances for use in factories

Chapter II 

The Inspecting Staff

8

Inspectors

9

Powers of Inspectors

10

Certifying surgeons

Chapter III 

Health

11

Cleanliness

12

Disposal of wastes and effluents

13

Ventilation and temperature

14

Dust and fume

15

Artificial humidification

16

Overcrowding

17

Lighting

18

Drinking water

19

Latrines and urinals

20

Spittoons

Chapter IV 

Safety

21

Fencing of machinery

22

Work on or near machinery in motion

23

Employment of young persons on dangerous machines

24

Striking gear and devices for cutting off power

25

Self-acting machines

26

Casing of new machinery

27

Prohibition of employment of women and children near cotton-openers

28

Hoists and lifts

29

Lifting machines, chains, ropes and lifting tackles

30

Revolving machinery

31

Pressure plant

32

Floors, stairs and means of access

33

Pits, sumps, opening in floors, etc.

34

Excessive weights

35

Protection of eyes

36

Precautions against dangerous fumes, gases, etc.

36A

Precautions regarding the use of portable electric light

37

Explosive or inflammable dust, gas, etc.

38

Precautions in case of fire

39

Power to require specifications of defective parts or tests of stability

40

Safety of building and machinery

40A

Maintenance of buildings

40B

Safety officers

41

Power to make rules to supplement this Chapter

Chapter IV-A 

Provisions Relating To Hazardous Processes

41A

Constitution of Site Appraisal Committees

41B

Compulsory disclosure of information by the occupier

41C

Specific responsibility of the occupier in relation to hazardous processes

41D

Power of Central Government to appoint Inquiry Committee

41E

Emergency standards

41F

Permissible limits of exposure of chemical and toxic substances

41G

Workers' participation in safety management

41H

Right of workers to warn about imminent danger

Chapter V 

Welfare

42

Washing facilities

43

Facilities for storing and drying clothing

44

Facilities for sitting

45

First-aid appliances

46

Canteens

47

Shelters, rest rooms and lunch rooms

48

Creches

49

Welfare officers

50

Power to make rules to supplement this Chapter

Chapter VI 

Working Hours Of Adults

51

Weekly hours

52

Weekly holidays

53

Compensatory holidays

54

Daily hours

55

Intervals for rest

56

Spreadover

57

Night shifts

58

Prohibition of overlapping shifts

59

Extra wages for overtime

60

Restriction on double employment

61

Notice of periods of work for adults

62

Register of adult workers

63

Hours of work to correspond with notice under section 61 and register under section 62

64

Power to make exempting rules

65

Power to make exempting orders

66

Further restrictions on employment of women

Chapter VII 

Employment Of Young Persons

67

Prohibition of employment of young children

68

Non-adult workers to carry tokens

69

Certificates of fitness

70

Effect of certificate of fitness granted to adolescent

71

Working hours for children

72

Notice of period of work for children

73

Register of child workers

74

Hours of work to correspond with notice under section 72 and register under section 73

75

Power to require medical examination

76

Power to make rules

77

Certain other provisions of law not barred

Chapter VIII

Annual Leave With Wages

78

Application of Chapter

79

Annual leave with wages

80

Wages during leave period

81

Payment in advance in certain cases

82

Mode of recovery of unpaid wages

83

Power to make rules

84

Power to exempt factories

Chapter IX 

Special Provisions

85

Power to apply the Act to certain premises

86

Power to exempt public institutions Power to apply the Act to certain premises

87

Dangerous operations

87A

Power to prohibit employment on account of serious hazard

88

Notice of certain accidents

88A

Notice of certain dangerous occurrences

89

Notice of certain diseases

90

Power to direct enquiry into cases of accident or disease Notice of certain diseases

91

Power to take samples

91A

Safety and occupational health surveys

Chapter X 

Penalties And Procedure

92

General penalty for offences

93

Liability of owner of premises in certain circumstances

94

Enhanced penalty after previous conviction

95

Penalty for obstructing Inspector

96

Penalty for wrongfully disclosing results of analysis under section 91

96A

Penalty for contravention of the provisions of sections 41B, 41C and 41H

97

Offences by workers

98

Penalty for using false certificate of fitness

99

Penalty for permitting double employment of child

101

Exemption of occupier or manager from liability in certain cases

102

Power of Court to make orders

103

Presumption as to employment

104

Onus as to age

104A

Onus of providing limits of what is practicable, etc.

105

Cognizance of offences

106

Limitation of prosecutions

106A

Jurisdiction of a court for entertaining proceedings, etc., for offence

Chapter XI 

Supplemental

107

Appeals

108

Display of notices

109

Service of notice

110

Returns

111

Obligations of workers

111A

Right of workers, etc.

112

General power to make rules

113

Powers of Centre to give direction

114

No charge for facilities and conveniences

115

Publication of rules

116

Application of Act to government factories

117

Protection to persons acting under this Act

118

Restriction on disclosure of information

118A

Restriction on disclosure of information

119

Act to have effect notwithstanding anything contained in Act 37 of 1970

120

Repeal and saving

 

Schedule I

 

Schedule II

 

Schedule III

An Act to consolidate and amend the law regulating labor in factories.

WHEREAS it is expedient to consolidate and amend the law regulating labor in factories;

It is hereby enacted as follows: -



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