Companies Act, 1956
Sec 79 - Power to issue shares at a discount
(1) A company shall not issue shares at a discount except as provided in this section.
(2) A company may issue at a discount shares in the company of a class already issued, if the following conditions are fulfilled, namely,
(i) the issue of the shares at a discount is authorized by a resolution passed by the company in general meeting, and sanctioned by the Company Law Board;
(ii) the resolution specifies the maximum rate of discount at which the shares are to be issued :
Provided that no such resolution shall be sanctioned by the Company Law Board if the maximum rate of discount specified in the resolution exceeds ten per cent, unless the Board is of opinion that a higher percentage of discount may be allowed in the special circumstances of the case ;
(iii) not less than one year has at the date of the issue elapsed since the date on which the company was entitled to commence business ; and
(iv) the shares to be issued at a discount are issued within two months after the date on which the issue is sanctioned by the Company Law Board, or within such extended time as the Company Law Board may allow.
(3) Where a company has passed a resolution authorizing the issue of shares at a discount, it may apply to the Company Law Board for an order sanctioning the issue ; and on any such application, the Company Law Board, if having regard to all the circumstances of the case, it thinks proper so to do, may make an order sanctioning the issue on such terms and conditions as it thinks fit.
(4) Every prospectus relating to the issue of the shares shall contain particulars of the discount allowed on the issue of the shares or of so much of that discount as has not been written off at the date of the issue of the prospectus.
If default is made in complying with this sub-section, the company, and every officer of the company who is in default, shall be punishable with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees.