Black Money (Undisclosed Foreign Income and Assets) and Imposition of Tax Act, 2015
56. Offences by companies.
1. Where an offence under this Act has been committed by a company, every person who, at the time the offence was committed, was in charge of, and was responsible to, the company for the conduct of the business of the company as well as the company shall be deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.
2. Nothing in sub-section (1) shall render any such person liable to any punishment if he proves that the offence was committed without his knowledge or that he had exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission of such offence.
3. Notwithstanding anything in sub-section (1), where an offence under this Act has been committed by a company and it is proved that the offence has been committed with the consent or connivance of, or is attributable to any neglect on the part of, any director, manager, secretary or other officer of the company, such director, manager, secretary or other officer shall also be deemed to be guilty of that offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.
4. Where an offence under this Act has been committed by a person, being a company, and the punishment for such offence is imprisonment and fine, then, without prejudice to sub-section (1) or sub-section (3), such company shall be punished with fine and every person, referred to in sub-section (1), or the director, manager, secretary or other officer of the company referred to in sub-section (3), shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished in accordance with the provisions of this Act.
5. In this section—
a. “company” means a body corporate, and includes —
i. an unincorporated body;
ii. a Hindu undivided family;
b. “director”, in relation to —
i. an unincorporated body, means a participant in the body;
ii. a Hindu undivided family, means an adult member of the family; and
iii. a company, means a whole-time director, or where there is no such director, any other director or manager or officer, who is in charge of the affairs of the company.